Saturday, November 10, 2018



46. The idea of Four Pillars of Education was suggested by

47. Aims of education are closely related to
(A) Metaphysics
(B) Axiology
(C) Logic
(D) Epistemology

48. The ceiling fixed by the Supreme Court for reservation for the socially and economically disadvantaged sections is
(A) 19%
(B) 22%
(C) 49%
(D) 50%

49. The first Committee to be constituted after independence by the Government of India on Women’s Education was
(A) Dr. Radhakrishnan Commission
(B) The Mudaliar Commission
(C) The Shri Sri Prakasa Committee
(D) Dr. Durgabai Deshmukh Committee

50. What type of Guidance Service is facilitated by the application of given battery of standardized objective type tests, on normal individuals?
(A) Remedial and Preventive
(B) Preventive and Developmental
(C) Developmental and Remedial
(D) General Guidance and Counselling

51. What is the most essential requirement for providing Guidance Services in schools?
(A) Guidance and Counselling Rooms
(B) Standardized Tests for Appraisal of Students
(C) Time
(D) Professionally qualified and adequately trained personnel

52. Equating through matched pairs is the method used in
(A) Survey Research
(B) Experimental Research
(C) Sociological Research
(D) Trend Research

53. Which of the following is a case of Formative Evaluation of Curriculum?
(A) Conducting an evaluation of the curriculum concerned before the course is completed.
(B) Evaluating the curriculum concerned, getting it appraised by students and teachers.
(C) Evaluating the curriculum concerned, in the middle of the course, collecting the views of students, teachers and parents and providing feedback.
(D) Evaluating the curriculum concerned by teachers based on the performance of students.

54. The teacher teaches a straight line by placing several points in a particular direction is an example of
(A) Law of proximity
(B) Law of closure
(C) Law of common direction
(D) Law of simplicity

55. A baby sucking her thumb is an example of
(A) Regression
(B) Aggression
(C) Displacement
(D) Withdrawal

56. A child who reads dog as god falls in which category of learning disability?
(A) Dyslexia
(B) Dysgraphia
(C) Dyspraxia
(D) Dysplasia

57. The two most important characteristics of a standardized test are
(A) objectivity and reliability
(B) reliability and validity
(C) reliability and usability
(D) practicability and usability

58. The qualitative judgments about a teaching media can take place through
(A) Measurement
(B) Evaluation
(C) Interpretation
(D) Description

59. Which is the universal objective of education?
(A) Liberation
(B) Total development
(C) Character
(D) Vocation

60. The main focus of educational supervision is
(A) Administration
(B) Decision making
(C) Educational services
(D) Discipline ensuring



31. Which of the following is not an example of inter-individual difference?
(A) The child is black in color.
(B) The child is fat.
(C) The child likes potato.
(D) The nose of the child is sharp.

32. Identity versus role confusion is a characteristic of
(A) Childhood stage
(B) Adolescence stage
(C) Infancy stage
(D) Early childhood stage

33. The effectiveness of a multi-media approach in teaching can be answered through
(A) Experimentation
(B) Survey
(C) Case-studies
(D) Longitudinal studies

34. In 1974-75 NCERT used Radio vision lessons, Television Discussions and Activities to train in service primary school teachers in Science. This is an example of
(A) Integrated Approach
(B) Group-oriented Approach
(C) Multi-Media Approach
(D) Team Teaching Approach

35. What is the important objective of economic planning?
(A) Planned development
(B) Eradication of poverty
(C) Total employment
(D) More per capita income

36. The system analysis relates to
(A) Input aspect
(B) Product aspect
(C) Process aspect
(D) Resource aspect

37. The control of extraneous variables in experimental research after the treatment is given can be done through a technique called
(A) Statistical Regression
(B) Post-Test
(C) One-way ANOVA
(D) Analysis of Co-variance

38. Which of the following is incorrect pairing?
(A) Product moment coefficient of correlation r
(B) Chi Square χ2
(C) Multiple correlation R
(D) Standard deviation ρ

39. A survey of population is equivalent to
(A) Census Survey
(B) Sample Survey
(C) Group Survey
(D) None of the above

40. The book “Learning – The Treasure Within” is authored b
(A) J.S. Rajput
(B) N. Bennett
(C) J. Delors
(D) J. Halak

41. Operation Black-Board Programe was introduced to improve
(A) Teacher Education
(B) Primary Education
(C) Secondary Education
(D) Higher Education

42. An investigator conducted the factor analysis of tests to be used in research. It means, he was interested in
(A) Content validity
(B) Criterion validity
(C) Construct validity
(D) Predictive validity

43. Special Education Courses are controlled by
(A) Special Education Council of India
(B) Rehabilitation Council of India
(C) National Council of Teacher Education
(D) Medical Council of India

44. Students with Hearing Impairment require
(A) Auditory Training
(B) Language Training
(C) Speech Training
(D) All the above

45. The main purpose of Navodaya Vidyalayas is to give education to 
(A) Rural talented students
(B) Urban students
(C) Girls students only
(D) Rural students

Thursday, November 8, 2018



16. A reliability coefficient cannot be negative because:
(A) It is a square of a correlation coefficient.
(B) Negative reliability is meaningless.
(C) It is a self-correlation of the test.
(D) It does not measure different things.

17. Which of the following cannot be used as a synonym of reliability? 
(A) Accuracy
(B) Precision
(C) Dependability
(D) Relevance

18. Mobility and orientation training is linked with
(A) Students with Hearing Impairment
(B) Students with Mental Retardation
(C) Students with Visual Impairment
(D) Students with Learning Disability

19. Idiots are labelled as having an IQ range of
(A) 100-125
(B) 0-25
(C) 120-160
(D) 60-90

20. National Knowledge Commission is headed by
(A) D.S. Kothari
(B) Amartya Sen
(C) Sam Pitroda
(D) Azim Premji

21. The sources of knowledge (Pramanas) in Advaita Vedanta are
(A) two
(B) three
(C) four
(D) six

22. The value commended by existentialism is
(A) liberation
(B) self-realization
(C) harmony with nature
(D) authenticity

23. When a poor rural girl hailing from a socially disadvantaged family gets scholarship for higher studies and then lands in a high paid job in a city it is not an instance of education becoming
(A) a vehicle for social mobility
(B) a tool for gender justice
(C) a vehicle for geographical mobility
(D) an instrument for social stratification

24. The policy of reservation of seats in higher education and in Government employment is an example for
(A) Sponsored mobility
(B) Contest mobility
(C) Cultural mobility
(D) Geographical mobility

25. What does the Counselor do in “Observation for Recording” and “Observation for Rating”?
I. In Observation for Recording, the Counselor acts like a versatile camera.
II. In Observation for Recording, the Counselor records everything unmindful of the distraction caused to the client.
III. In Observation for Rating, the Counselor does not observe the client while indulged in rating.
IV. In Observation for Rating, the Counselor judges and rates the brain, while still observing the client.
Choose the correct answers from the code given below :
Codes :
(A) I and IV
(B) II and III
(C) I and III
(D) III and IV

26. A face to face, informal interaction is considered the best technique for collecting information about the client and his/her problem. How? 
(A) It helps to get first hand information about the client and his/her problem.
(B) It is very easy to organise and conduct an interview with the client. 
(C) The interview can be video graphed.
(D) It is flexible and makes the client feel comfortable.

27. What is meant by the term “curriculum”?
(A) The subject of study offered by an educational institution.
(B) Theory and Practical courses to be completed to qualify for a level of education.
(C) Organised whole of learning and other experiences provided by educational institutions, to realize set goals.
(D) The prescribed syllabi in the various subjects, plus practical courses and project/ dissertation.

28. What are the uses of System Analysis, when applied to classroom instruction as a sub-system of the curriculum?
I. It helps to design classroom instruction differently.
II. It helps to assess the effectiveness of the existing instructional design. 
III. It helps the teacher to verify results and get feedback.
IV. It helps as a novel method of reviewing classroom instruction. Choose the correct answers from the code given below:
(A) III, IV and I
(B) I, II and III
(C) IV, I and II
(D) II, III and IV

29. Tests that do not require the use of language of the subjects but responses are in the form of activities are called as
(A) Verbal tests
(B) Non-verbal tests
(C) Performance tests
(D) None of the above

30. Match the following & select the correct answers from the codes given below:
List – I Psychological Test                   List – II Psychologist 
 a. Intelligence Test                    i. Rorschach
b. Interest Test                           ii. Torrance
c. Personality Test                     iii. Binet
d. Creativity Test                       iv. Strong
                                                     v. Likert
Codes : a b c d
(A) iii ii i v
(B) v ii iv iii
(C) iv iii ii i
(D) iii iv i ii



1. When the findings of an experimental research are generalized to target population, the research is said to possess
(A) Internal validity
(B) Concurrent validity
(C) External validity
(D) Predictive validity

2. Which of the following do lay the foundation for curriculum?
(A) Societal Priorities, Government and Resources
(B) Philosophy, Sociology and Psychology
(C) Study materials, Training facilities and Societal needs
(D) Psychological bases of Education

3. Which of the following is an example of Summative Evaluation for Standard IX?
(A) Quarterly Examination
(B) Half-yearly Examination
(C) Annual examination
(D) Mid-Term Tests

4. Multiple choice question is an example of which of the following method of studying the process of remembering and forgetting?
(A) Recall
(B) Re-learning
(C) Recognition
(D) Reconstruction

5. The concept of advance organised was developed by
(A) Bruner
(B) Ausubel
(C) Erikson
(D) Kohlberg

6. Strong’s Vocational Interest Blank Test consists of
(A) 100 items
(B) 200 items
(C) 300 items
(D) 400 items

7. Which of the following correct order comes under Maslow’s hierarchy of needs?
(A) Self actualization, safety, love, esteem
(B) Physiological need, self actualization, esteem, safety
(C) Physiological need, safety, love, esteem
(D) Physiological need, esteem, self actualization, love

8. The Web.2 technologies which are helping in acquiring multiple knowledge are:
(A) U-Tube
(B) Face Book
(C) Wikipedia
(D) All the above

9. The word cybernetics was first used by
(A) Norbert Wiener
(B) Claude E. Shannan
(C) Warren Weaver Model
(D) Aristotle

10. Education does not include the following resources
(A) Human resources
(B) Material resources
(C) Water resources
(D) Financial resources

11. Phenomenology is a method basically used in
(A) Educational research
(B) Philosophical research
(C) Historical research
(D) Experimental research

12. The status-quo of a situation in research can be studied through:
(A) Experimental research
(B) Survey research
(C) Historical research
(D) Phenomenological research

13. Which of the following is incorrect as a measure of dispersion?
(A) Quartile Deviation
(B) Range
(C) Standard Deviation
(D) Sampling Error

14. Selection Test for admission to teacher training program was suggested by

15. NCTE was established by an act of Parliament in
(A) 1975
(B) 1995
(C) 1996
(D) 1986

Wednesday, November 7, 2018


31. The most ascetic School of Indian Philosophy is
(A) Buddhism
(B) Jainism
(C) Vedanta
(D) Sankhya

32. The number of Savants [Thirthankaras] in the Jain tradition is
(A) 10
(B) infinite
(C) 24
(D) 100

33. ‘Vinaya Pitaka’ deals with
(A) rules of conduct for the Buddhist Samga
(B) rules for polite behaviour for Jain monks
(C) rules for polite behaviour for Hindu Sannyasins
(D) Emperor Ashoka’s Edicts

34. Which one of the following is the stable measure of dispersion?
(A) Range
(B) Quartile Deviation
(C) Average Deviation
(D) Standard Deviation

35. The method of drawing conclusions based on the observation of each and every instance of a population is called
(A) Scientific Method
(B) Deductive Method
(C) Inductive Method
(D) Dialectic Method

36. Positivistic research approach was advocated by
(A) Francis Bacon
(B) Stanley & Compbell
(C) Auguste Comte
(D) Babbit

37. Something written in a holy book is held to be true by readers. This method of acquiring knowledge is termed as the method of
(A) Tenacity
(B) Authority
(C) Intuition
(D) Science

38. A class teacher administered Thematic Apperception Test to a group of students to assess their
(A) Achievement
(B) Awareness
(C) Personality
(D) Attitude

39. A class teacher asked all his students to take a test only as and when each one of them mastered the theory of Gravitation. This is an example of
(A) Norm Referenced Test
(B) Feasibility Test
(C) Summative Test
(D) Criterion Referenced Test

40. When a non-directional hypothesis is stated, the test of significance would be
(A) One tailed
(B) Two tailed
(C) Both (A) and (B)
(D) None of the above

41. The critical difference between naturalism and pragmatism is in the importance accorded to
(A) aims
(B) methods
(C) social context
(D) evaluation

42. What are the checks and balances available in society for regulating social behavior of people?
I. Mores, Folkways and Institutions
II. Enacted Laws and Punishments
III. Meditation and Prayer
IV. Reading religious books Choose the correct answers from the codes given below:
(A) I and II
(B) II and III
(C) III and IV
(D) IV and I

43. What is meant by ‘Culture’?
(A) Complex whole of what man has achieved as being a member of the society.
(B) Sophistication in dress, food, etc.
(C) Civilization marked by the use of modern electric home appliances 
(D) Using of computers, mobile phones, internet, etc.

44. What is the objective of the Integrated Child Development services? 
I. Improving nutrition and health status of children up to 6 years.
II. Reducing child mortality rate in the country.
III. Providing quality primary education to children.
IV. Providing healthcare centers to take care of children’s health. Choose the correct answers from the codes given below :
(A) I and II
(B) II and III
(C) III and IV
(D) IV and I

Read the passage and answer from question Nos. 45 to 50: “Everyday, day after day, we see men and animals dying. But each man thinks he is going to live on forever. What can be more surprising than this?” So goes a passage in the Mahabharata. All religions are attempts to help man come to terms with death. Swami Vivekananda said, ‘so long as death is there religion will be there’. However, it is common knowledge that very pious people are as much afraid of death as the no so pious. Gal Bellow, a Nobel Laureate in literature said, “The tragedy of civilization consists in the refusal of the doomed creature to die.” Jostling for space in the annals of history is an attempt to grapple with mortality. However, Norman O. Brown in his scholarly treatise, ‘Life against Death : A Psychoanalytic Interpretation of History’ concludes that the survival of mankind into the future urgently requires that we cultivate in every oncoming generation a consciousness that is willing and ready to die. This is squarely a challenge for educational research. We must develop a curriculum that will enable every individual follow the ebb and flow of the clan vital in the parabola of the life cycle, savour the joys of sex in the waxing phase of the parabola and mellow with it in the waning phase.

45. According to the Mahabharata what is most surprising?
(A) People dying
(B) Animals dying
(C) Animals and people living
(D) Failure to accept death is inevitable for everyone

46. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
(A) Religions attempt to help us accept death.
(B) Religions attempt to help us to live properly and die properly.
(C) Religions succeed in helping everyone of their followers to accept death when the time comes.
(D) Death is there only because of religion.

47. The tragedy of civilization consists in
(A) death
(B) facilitates that increase life expectancy
(C) increase in population
(D) desire of human beings to live on forever

48. “Jostling for space in the annals of history” means:
(A) struggling for lasting frame
(B) writing history books
(C) trying to get into spacecrafts
(D) trying to become a wrestler

49. What do you think Norman O. Brown’s book is about ?
(A) Life
(B) Death
(C) History
(D) Struggle between life and death

50. The essential message of this passage is best expressed as
(A) Celebration of living
(B) Celebration of dying
(C) Parabola of the life cycle
(D) Learning-to-Be and Not-to-Be


16. ‘Coherence’ is the criterion of truth is
(A) Existentialism
(B) Idealism
(C) Marxism
(D) Naturalism

17. ‘Metaphysics’ means
(A) a branch of Physics
(B) exploring the nature of ultimate reality
(C) Physics of metals
(D) Physics of weather

18. The two basic divisions in Schools of Indian Philosophy are
(A) Vedanta and Buddhism
(B) Advaita and Dwaita
(C) Theistic and Atheistic
(D) Orthodox and Heterodox

19. The ultimate goal of education in Jainism is
(A) Non-violence
(B) Renunciation
(C) Liberation
(D) Philanthropy

20. The ceremony of initiation of education in Buddhism is called
(A) Vidyarambam
(B) Upanayanam
(C) Pabajja
(D) Uparampada

21. Researcher intends to ascertain the attitude of adolescents towards modernization, which one of the following tools is an appropriate one? 
(A) Projective Technique
(B) Interview
(C) Likert Scale
(D) Sociometry

22. Which of the following is incorrect as a measure of dispersion?
(A) Quartile Deviation
(B) Range
(C) Standard Deviation
(D) Sampling Error

23. A researcher prepared a report based on the interviews of 25 people. Under which category, this research can be placed?
(A) Quantitative
(B) Qualitative
(C) Historical
(D) Scientific

24. The Right to Education Act recently passed by our Parliament is an extension of the following article of our Constitution
(A) 13
(B) 15
(C) 45
(D) 55

25. Which of the following are essentially required on the part of the teacher for developing intercultural understanding in children?
I. Possession of knowledge of various cultures and subcultures.
II. Being progressive and open-minded
III. Being pious and religious
IV. Classroom communication skills choose the correct answers from the given options.
Codes :
(A) I and II
(B) II and III
(C) III and IV
(D) IV and I

26. What is the striking contrast between “acclimatization” and “naturalization”?
I. Acclimatization is adjusting to the external environment.
II. Acclimatization is changing the room temperature and air circulation using appliances.
III. Naturalization is change of attitude as required by the new context. 
IV. Acclimatization is external and Naturalization is internal. Choose the correct answers from the given options.
(A) I, II and III
(B) II, III and IV
(C) III, IV and I
(D) IV, I and II

27. Introspection method lacks in
(A) Reliability
(B) Validity
(C) Objectivity
(D) All the above three

28. Which of the following thinkers said ‘Literacy itself is not education, literacy is only a means to education’?
(A) J. Krishnamurti
(B) Swami Vivekananda
(C) Sri Aurobindo
(D) Mahatma Gandhi

29. Which teaching method was evolved by Naturalism?
(A) Heuristic Method
(B) Play way Method
(C) Scientific Method
(D) Project Method

30. Choose the correct or the best answer among the following: ‘Philosophy’ means
(A) Consoling oneself while facing disappointments in life.
(B) A form of religion.
(C) Attempt to find answer to fundamental and ultimate questions.
(D) Sophisticated arguments.