Wednesday, March 14, 2018


31. Who has given the theory of ‘Social Learning’ ?
(A) Thorndike
(B) Spearman
(C) Albert Bandra
(D) Watson

32. Law of exercise enables students to
(A) Diligence(B) Intelligence
(C) Insight
(D) Problem solving

33. Which of the following students need their teachers attention ?
(A) Introvert
(B) Slow learners
(C) Gifted
(D) All of these

34. Which one of the following conditions qualifies to be an instance of negative reinforcement ?
(A) Giving a punishment
(B) Withholding a reward
(C) Withdrawing a painful stimulus
(D) Excessive rewarding

35. A child who uses a wheel chair
(A) should not be in the regular school.
(B) should study only in a special school.
(C) should be given education with non-disabled students in a regular school.
(D) should be given education in a regular school in a lower class.

36. “School is a community in miniature, a micro society.” What do the terms “Community” and “Society” signify in the context ?
I. Community signifies freedom.
II. Community signifies equal treatment to all.
III. Society signifies equality of educational and job opportunities.
IV. Society signifies control. Choose the correct answer from the given codes : Codes :
(A) III and II
(B) III and I
(C) III and IV
(D) I and IV

37. ‘Individual Differences’ are given the least importance in
(A) Idealism
(B) Realism
(C) Naturalism
(D) Pragmatism

38. What is the basic criterion for social class ?
(A) Occupation
(B) Status
(C) Religion
(D) Locale of Residence

39. On the basis of an achievement test, the teacher rated Ram, Shyam & Dhyan as 1st, 2nd & 3rd respectively. This is an example of
(A) Ratio Scale
(B) Ordinal Scale
(C) Internal Scale
(D) Nominal Scale

40. If the tenth grade students find science test to be very easy and majority of them scored high marks, the resulting description would be
(A) Normal
(B) Mesokurtic
(C) Skewed to the left
(D) Skewed to the right


21. Critically judge the following :
Assertion (A) : Adolescence is a period of stress and storm.
Reason (R) : Capacity to acquire and utilize their knowledge reaches it’s peak.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation.
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation.
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

22. “The responses which are followed by satisfying after-effects tends to be learned”, is
(A) The law of exercise
(B) The law of effect
(C) The law of readiness
(D) The law of relativity

23. Spranger’s typology is based on man’s
(A) Interests
(B) Body structure
(C) Behavior
(D) Attitude

24. What is meant by the term socialization ?
(A) Influencing the rural illiterate masses, by social and service organization, to send their children to schools regularly.
(B) Media information, including advertisements, to keep their houses, streets and public places clean.
(C) Process of interaction among members of the society and inhibiting values.
(D) Participating in social service activities.

25. Who is regarded as the Father of Sociology ?
(A) Auguste Comte
(B) McIver
(C) Robert Payne
(D) Talcott Parson

26. Which one does indicate a healthy atmosphere for the social functioning of the class/school ?
(A) Democracy as a compromise between Laissez faire and Autocracy.
(B) Democracy as a compromise between Persuasion and Permission.
(C) Laissez faire
(D) Democracy

27. The proposition about research that you do not agree is
(A) Research improves the quality of teaching.
(B) Research leads to finding solution to too many problems.
(C) Research is only a personnel achievement.
(D) Research contributes to social progress of the society.

28. Which of the following is a non parametric test ?
(A) Analysis of Co variance
(B) Analysis of Variance
(C) Median Test
(D) Critical Ratio

29. Which of the following statements is true for reliability and validity of a measuring instrument ?
(A) Reliable test is also valid.
(B) Validity does not ensure reliability.
(C) Validity and reliability are not related.
(D) Valid test must be reliable.

30. According to the behaviorist school of psychology, the teacher is
(A) store-house of knowledge.
(B) a leader in the classroom.
(C) supervisor of children’s learning activities.
(D) creator of appropriate learning conditions.


11. What is the view of Educational Sociologists on Character Education ?
(A) Character Education is the exclusive province of the home and religious organizations.
(B) Character Education is impossible without religious and denominational doctrine
(C) Character Education is best handled by giving the target ready  made judgements.
(D) Character Education should involve the direct discussion of moral issues.

12. “Investment in Education is the single, largest item of expenditure, next to defense, in many countries today.” What is the social justification ?
I. Education has become a pressing need under globalization.
II. Education is the Panacea for social ills.
III. Education produces unselfish and competent leaders for establishing polity. IV. Education helps to procure security, prosperity and social well-being for all. 
Choose the correct answer from the given
codes : Codes :
(A) I and III
(B) II and IV
(C) I and II
(D) III and IV

13. Which was the major factor for caste distinction in India before independence ? 
(A) Religion
(B) Poverty
(C) English Education
(D) Family Occupation

14. Deductive Reasoning helps in
(A) Research Reporting
(B) Formulation of Hypothesis
(C) Data Analysis
(D) Tools Preparation

15. Which method focuses on generating new hypothesis ?
(A) Pattern
(B) Deductive
(C) Inductive
(D) None is correct

16. The feasibility of a research study should be considered in the light of
(A) Potential ethical concerns
(B) Skills required for the researcher
(C) Cost and time required to conduct the research
(D) All of above

17. Which of the following is not the feature of symbols assigned to categories on a nominal scale ?
(A) No quantitative meaning
(B) Nothing more than labels or names
(C) May be ordered according to magnitude
(D) Cannot be subjected to arithmetic operations

18. The learning theories under behaviourist category are based on the belief that 
(A) Child is a natural learner.
(B) Environment can change a man.
(C) All behaviors can be learnt.
(D) Everybody can learn everything.

19. Burner identified three major stages of cognitive growth. Identify the correct order of the stages.
(A) Symbolic, Iconic, En active
(B) Iconic, Symbolic, En active
(C) En active, Iconic, Symbolic
(D) Symbolic, En active, Iconic

20. Army Beta test is an example of
(A) Individual verbal test of intelligence
(B) Group non-verbal test of intelligence
(C) Group verbal test of intelligence
(D) Performance test


1.‘Internal criticism’ is a required step in
(A) Experimental Research
(B) Historical Research
(C) Descriptive Research
(D) Philosophical Research

2. Which sampling technique will be most appropriate to draw a representative sample of heterogeneous population ?
(A) Stratified Random
(B) Quota
(C) Purpose
(D) Incidental

3. Chi-square test is an example of
(A) Parametric test
(B) Non-Parametric test
(C) Descriptive test
(D) Survey test 

4. A highly reliable test is required for the purpose of
(A) using teacher made test
(B) testing for research purpose
(C) dividing students into ability groups
(D) providing guidance services

5. Which of the following won a Nobel Prize for his pioneering work on learning theories ?
(A) R.M. Gayne
(B) J.S. Bruner
(C) Lev Vygotsky
(D) Ivan Pavlov

6. According to Piaget, cognitive development in human beings take place through four important stages. Identify the correct order of these stages.
(A) Pre-operational, formal operational, concrete operational, sensory motor
(B) Sensory motor, concrete operational, formal operational pre-operational
(C) Formal operational, sensory motor, pre-operational, concrete operational
(D) Sensory motor, pre-operational, concrete operational, formal operational

7. Match the List – I with List – II & select the correct answer using the code given below :
List – I                                                  List – II
a. Carl Roger                             i. Field theory
b. Kurt Levin                            ii. Social learning theory
c. Bandura                                iii. Self theory
d. Bruner                                  iv. Psychoanalytic theory 
                                                 v. Cognitive theory
Codes : a b c d
(A) iii iv ii v
(B) ii i v iii
(C) i ii iv v
(D) iii i ii v

8. In Pavlov’s experiments on the salivary conditioning of dogs, the CS was
(A) The taste of food
(B) Salivation to the taste of food
(C) The sound of a bell
(D) Salivation to the sound of bell

9. Kohlar developed
(A) S-R bond theory
(B) Insight theory
(C) Field theory
(D) Conditioning theory

10. Which of the following is an incorrect pair ?
(A) Multiple theory of intelligence – Guilford
(B) Theory of classical conditioning – Pavlov
(C) Psycho-social theory – Erikson
(D) Theory of meaningful verbal learning – Aasubel

Monday, February 5, 2018


71. The Rosarch Inkblot test consists of
(A) Five black and five coloured cards
(B) Ten black and ten white cards
(C) Five black and white & five multi-coloured cards
(D) Ten multi-coloured cards

72. Which of the following terms is relevant to a qualitative study ?
(A) Comparison
(B) Prediction
(C) Correlation
(D) Exploration

73. Which of the following is a characteristic feature only of experimental studies ? 
(A) Control of extraneous variables.
(B) Study of cause and effect relationship.
(C) Observing variation in the dependent variable.
(D) Manipulation of treatment variable.

74. When a researcher checks the genuineness and authenticity of the source material, it is known as
(A) External validity
(B) External criticism
(C) Concurrent validity
(D) Internal consistency

75. An investigator studied the census data for a given area and prepared a write up based on them. Such a write-up is called
(A) Research Paper
(B) Article
(C) Thesis
(D) Research Report



61. Which of the following philosophies are most tilted to individualism ?
(A) Jainism
(B) Samkhya
(C) Buddhism
(D) None of these

62. Research means
(A) Searching again and again
(B) Finding solution to any problem
(C) Scientific approach to new truth
(D) Conducting experiment

63. Which of the following is the first step in the research process ?
(A) Searching sources of information.
(B) Survey of related literature.
(C) Identification of a broad area of research.
(D) Searching for solution to problem.

64. If a researcher conduct a research on finding out which administrative style contributes more to institutional effectiveness, this will be an example of
(A) Expost facto research
(B) Action research
(C) Applied research
(D) Fundamental research

65. A researcher is generally expected to
(A) study the existing literature in a field.
(B) generate new principles and theories.
(C) synthesize the ideas given by others.
(D) evaluate the findings of a study.

66. The process of educational research involves the following steps :
(1) Collection of data
(2) Statement of objectives
(3) Selecting the problem
(4) Method/Procedure
(5) Analysis and Interpretation of data
(6) Reporting the results Which of the following sequence is correct ?
(A) 3, 2, 4, 1, 5, 6
(B) 1, 3, 2, 5, 6, 4
(C) 3, 2, 4, 1, 6, 5
(D) 3, 2, 5, 1, 6, 4

67. The Government of India conducts Census after every 10 years. The method of research used in this process is
(A) Case Study
(B) Developmental
(C) Survey
(D) Experimental

68. Items of List – I and List – II given below have one-to-one relationship on some basis. Identify the inherent relationship and select the correct matching from the given options :
                List – I                                          List – II
a. Experimental                                  1. Sampling
b. Historical                                        2. Meta-analysis
c. Philosophical                                  3. Internal criticism
d. Descriptive                                     4. Content analysis
                                                           5. Internal validity
Codes :
(A) 3 5 2 3
(B) 1 4 2 5
(C) 3 4 2 1
(D) 5 3 4 1

69. Two variables X and Y are significantly correlated. This means that
(A) X causes variation in Y.
(B) Y causes variation in X.
(C) X and Y vary together.
(D) No such conclusion may be drawn.

70. Which of the following types of studies results in findings which could not be generalized to other situations ?
(A) Descriptive
(B) Historical
(C) Experimental
(D) Causal Comparative