Thursday, January 14, 2016


Let us see the house of chhotu. Oh , no chhotu is living in a pipie.
His house is a cement pipe. chhotu arrange every around his house.

Chhotu ‘s first time he came to Mumbai. Pic of Mumbai wow what big city is this.  In village chhuto saw small house and huts.  All the roads are filled with big bungalows and apartments. And people are very busy in their life.

 Let us see how many types of houses are there.
There are two types of houses
1. temporary house. 2. Permanent house
Temporary house are also called kwacha-house. These are made up mud and straw. People who can stay for some time they made temporary houses. Examples ; hut, tents,

Permanente houses are called pucca-house. These are made up of cement, steel, bricks and sand. Bungalows and apartments. People live at one place for long they made permanent houses.
People made different types of houses depending upon the climate. and  their work. Some people who live on hill places they made a house on the tree or wooden house.
Some are made water boat-house. Some are stay temporary in tents.

People who in cold places they made there houses with igloos. Eskimos live in it.
People who are living on the hills their are made house with wood.

Let now the parts of a houseIn a house we have veranda, dinning-hall, bed-room, reading-room, kitchen-room, storeroom, common- hall and we have a garden around our house.

We spend most of time in common-hall with our family members. We use. Veranda, to take rest and relax. Dinning-hall for lunch and dinner.
Bed-room for sleeping. Reading-room for reading, writing and prepare.
Kitchen –room for preparing food. Store- room for to keep our extra things.

House should have windows and doors. Windows and doors allow sunlight inside. Sunlight kill the germs and it give light for us. House protect us heat, cold, rain and enemies. It gives shelter for us.
The area around your house. we should keep clean. We should throw garbage in dust bin. 
Mosquitoes and germs fly on the garbage. And they spread diseases make us sick.
Look, how beautifully Lata's
Lata’s house is decorated. Because they are celebrating festivals. Ask your friends when and how they decorate their houses. We decorate our house flower, leaves, curtains and rangolis.

Thank You,



We learn so many things when we come to school. But do you know which is our first school? Yes, it is our family. We learn so many things from our family – much before we learn from anywhere else. This is because we are so close to our family. But we really never give it a thought. Let us think about our family and talk about it.

In this family we can see mother, father, grandmother, grandfather, sister, brother, uncle, aunt and their children.This is large family. We can called this families are Joint-family.

3.In this picture we can see only four members mother, father, sister and brother. This is a small family. This type families we can called nuclear family.

Let us see-Who all are there in your family and their relation.
         Name                                            Relationship
  • MOTHER’S OR FATHER’S SON                           BROTHER
  • MOTHER’S OR FATHER’S SISTER                     AUNT
  • SON’S WIFE                                                          DAUGHTER-IN-LAW
  • DAUGHTER’S HUSBAND                                     SON-IN-LAW
  • HUSBAND’S OR WIFE SISTER                            SISTER-IN-LAW
  • BROTHER’S SON                                                 NEPHEW
  • BROTHER’S DAUGHTER                                     NIECE
  • SISTER’S HUSBAND                                            BROTHER-IN-LAW
  • BROTHER’S WIFE                                                SISTER-IN-LAW
What do your family members call you lovingly ? Do you have a pet name? How do you call your family members?

Two persons in the picture a lot like each other. How do you think they are related? Is there any similarity between you and any other member
of your family – in the way you talk, walk, smile or even in your looks...? With whom and how ?

Let us now read about Anwari’s family. The older members of Anwari's family work as dhobis. All the members of the family lend a hand in washing, drying and ironing of the clothes. Anwari and her cousin Taufiq are also learning the work done by the family.

Is your family involved in any particular work? If yes, what? Do you help the family with the work? We learn many things from our family members. Anwari and her cousins learnt cycling from her uncle.You also learnt many things from yourfamily. What and from whom? Has anyone learnt anything from you?

Everyone removes their shoes before entering the house – this is the custom in Surekha’s family. Some of Surekha's friends enter her house without removing their shoes. Surekha’s grandfather gets angry at that. Are there any particular customs followed by your Family?.



In this lesson we are going to learn about need and uses of water.
In this nani and her grandson were discussing about the uses for water. Let us see what there r discussing.

I’ll wash my face with water,
Said Munna to his Nani.

We all quench our thirst with water,
We are all alive because of water.
Water has been with us for ages,
Its story can fill so many pages!
From the first stanza munna learn that water is useful for all living thing. Without water living thing cannot survive on the earth. We use water in different ways.
We need water for drinking, bathing, washing, and for cleaning our houses. We get drinking water from rivers, lakes, well, rain etc.We store drinking in pots and tanks.
Let us see the second stanza………….. wat munna is s
Somewhere it is dew,
Somewhere it is snow,
steam is also water as you know.
Water has forms so many,
that is what says my Nani.
Dew is the change of water from a vapor to a liquid. Dew  is the water form of droplets that appears on thin, exposed objects in the morning or evening due to condensation
while you are going to morning walk you may observe the dew. They can cool the temperature by shading us from the sun's light and heat.

Snow is the small, soft, white pieces of ice that sometimes fall from the sky, when it is cold, you can also see snow in Shimla during winter months.
Steam is the form of water vapor. when water is boiled at 100C water changes in to gas. water has three states of matter. It can changes into solids, liquids and gases.
Let us see the third stanza……
The river flow, the waterfalls sing,
And water swells in lakes and springs.
Life on earth it has brought,
watered fields and life they got.
19. But when the water breaks in floods,
Great misfortune it always works.

The primary effects of flooding include loss of life, damage to buildings and other structures, including bridges, sewerage systems, roadways, and canals. Floods also frequently damage power transmission and sometimes power generation.


In this lesson we are learning about different types of plants.

The girl who’s name is Didi. she is talking about her weekend field trip to his brothers and sisters. Last Sunday, we went to a garden in the
neighborhood. We played Hide and Seek and Antakshari.We had a lot of fun.

After sometime, Didi said- Let us play a new game today. We had played this game in the camp last year. I will become a ‘Plant fairy’.

 The ‘Plant fairy’ will call out a name of something and you all will have to touch it. The game began. Didi said -The ‘Plant fairy’ asks you to touch a plant. At once, all the children ran towards the plants.

Ammu held the marigold plant. Shabnam sat touching a jasmine plant.
Michael touched a mehendi bush. Dayaram  hold of a neem tree and stood there.

Didi said —Very good! Everyone has touched a plant. But have you noticed that all the plants are different from each other? Didi, you are also sitting on little plants, said by Shabnam. Didi said observed the plant. Let us tell me the difference?

They noticed some plants are very big, some are small. Some plants are climbing with the support. Some are creeping on the ground.

Creepers: creepers grow above the round. They have very week stem. They produce heavy weight fruits.
Example: tomato, watermelon.

Climbers: climbers are also have week stem but they take support to
climb up. Example: grapes, Money plant.

Herbs are leafy green plants. These plants are useful for food, medicines, flavoring and perfume. They produce flowers. Herbs are includes in roots, flowers, leaves and seeds.
Example: spinach, coriander, mint, grass, wheat etc.

Shrubs are small woody plants. plants have softy stem body. They are smaller then trees. They grow just above the ground. Shrubs have week stems. They cannot grow much more height like trees.

Example: rose and jasmine plant.

A tree is a tall plant with trunk and branches made of wood. Trees live for a long time. Trees are useful for shelter and food. They have thick and long trunk.
Example: Mango and Neem tree.

The children ran again to touch the trees with thick or thin trunks. The game started again. The ‘Plant fairy’ now said-Touch a tree which has either a thick or a thin trunk.

Stem gives shape and support to the palnt. Stem transport water from root to all parts of the palnt body. It also transport food from leaves to all parts of the plant body.stems have branches and leaves.some are stem thick and thin.

Michael found the game very interesting. He thought, how lucky the fairy was. She could order everyone around.

Now, I want to be the ‘Plant fairy’- said Michael. The children laughed aloud – A boy fairy ! They were now ready to take orders from the new ‘Plant fairy”. Michael said- Get me some leaves quickly.

But remember you are not to pluck the leaves from the plants
said Didi. The children ran to collect the leaves which were lying
on the ground.

Do all the leaves have similar colours, shapes and margins? 
Dayaram said- I did not know that there were so many types of leaves. Look, some are round, some are long and some are triangular.

Ammu said-They are of so many different colours as well. Some are light green and some are dark green leaves.  Some are even yellow, red and purple. There is one which is green but has white patches on it.

Look, even the margins of these leaves are different from each other. Some have straight margins and some uneven. Some of these margins even look like a saw

Shabnam observed. Leaves are called power house of the plant. They prepare food for the plant body.

They take carbon-di-oxide inside and release oxygen out side. They need water, chlorophyll and carbon-di-oxide in the presence of sun light to prepare food. This process is called photosynthesis.

Some leaves are green in color because the presence of chlorophyll it is a colour pigment. Some are even yellow leaves, because the presence of carotinoide. 

Ammu and Shabnam shouted together – We also want to be the ‘Plant fairy.’Didi said – Not today, may be next Sunday. It is time to go home now. Thank you

Poonam’s Day Out - ACTIVITY


Poonam’s Day Out TEXT

Ma, please let me go to school today, I have been at home for the past two days. 

I am getting bored – said by Poonam. But you still have fever. Go outside and lie down on the cot replied Ma.

Poonam fell asleep on the cot. Suddenly, something fell on her face. Poonam woke up at once and touched her cheek. Oh no, whose mischief is this? Is it the crow’s or the pigeon’s? It seems it’s the crow's.

Poonamlooked up. She saw many animals on the tree. Some animals are jumping from one branch other and playing  some animals are building their nests with leaves. some animals are sleeping on the branches.

Poonampicked up a leaf from the ground and wiped her cheek with it. But her cheek was still sticky. She thought  Let Me go and wash my face in the nearby pond.

While going to pond she saw some animals on the groud. Animals live in different places. Some animals live in the trees, some in water. Some live on land, some live under the ground and some fly in the sky. Some animals even live in our houses.

She saw some more animals in the pond she noticed that different animals move in different ways to go from one place to another.

Some animals walk. Example: dog cat, cow, tiger etc.

some move by  crawl. Example: snake, lizard, anaconda etc.

some can  fly  to move from place to another. Example: birds. some swimin the water to move from place to another .

For this, some animals use their feet, some use their wings. Some animals even take the help of their tail.
She observed that some animals make different kinds of sound .

In the lesson  the word ‘animal’ is used for insects, birds, reptiles and mammals. Let us know the meaning of insects, birds, reptiles and mammals.

Insects- insects are a small invertebrate animals. Their body is covered with external skeleton segments. Some insects have two, three or six pairs of joined  legs .

Birds are a warm-blooded egg-laying vertebrate animal. Birds have feathers, wings, a beak, and they are able to fly.

Reptiles a cold-blooded vertebrate animals. snakes, lizards, crocodiles, turtles, and tortoises are include in this class. They have  dry scaly skin, and they laying soft-shelled eggs on land. animals which lay eggs are called oviparous

Mammals are a warm-blooded vertebrate animals. of they have hair or fur on the body, females that secrete milk for the young ones , and they directly give birth to young ones.animals which give directly birth to young ones are called viviparous