Thursday, November 8, 2018



16. A reliability coefficient cannot be negative because:
(A) It is a square of a correlation coefficient.
(B) Negative reliability is meaningless.
(C) It is a self-correlation of the test.
(D) It does not measure different things.

17. Which of the following cannot be used as a synonym of reliability? 
(A) Accuracy
(B) Precision
(C) Dependability
(D) Relevance

18. Mobility and orientation training is linked with
(A) Students with Hearing Impairment
(B) Students with Mental Retardation
(C) Students with Visual Impairment
(D) Students with Learning Disability

19. Idiots are labelled as having an IQ range of
(A) 100-125
(B) 0-25
(C) 120-160
(D) 60-90

20. National Knowledge Commission is headed by
(A) D.S. Kothari
(B) Amartya Sen
(C) Sam Pitroda
(D) Azim Premji

21. The sources of knowledge (Pramanas) in Advaita Vedanta are
(A) two
(B) three
(C) four
(D) six

22. The value commended by existentialism is
(A) liberation
(B) self-realization
(C) harmony with nature
(D) authenticity

23. When a poor rural girl hailing from a socially disadvantaged family gets scholarship for higher studies and then lands in a high paid job in a city it is not an instance of education becoming
(A) a vehicle for social mobility
(B) a tool for gender justice
(C) a vehicle for geographical mobility
(D) an instrument for social stratification

24. The policy of reservation of seats in higher education and in Government employment is an example for
(A) Sponsored mobility
(B) Contest mobility
(C) Cultural mobility
(D) Geographical mobility

25. What does the Counselor do in “Observation for Recording” and “Observation for Rating”?
I. In Observation for Recording, the Counselor acts like a versatile camera.
II. In Observation for Recording, the Counselor records everything unmindful of the distraction caused to the client.
III. In Observation for Rating, the Counselor does not observe the client while indulged in rating.
IV. In Observation for Rating, the Counselor judges and rates the brain, while still observing the client.
Choose the correct answers from the code given below :
Codes :
(A) I and IV
(B) II and III
(C) I and III
(D) III and IV

26. A face to face, informal interaction is considered the best technique for collecting information about the client and his/her problem. How? 
(A) It helps to get first hand information about the client and his/her problem.
(B) It is very easy to organise and conduct an interview with the client. 
(C) The interview can be video graphed.
(D) It is flexible and makes the client feel comfortable.

27. What is meant by the term “curriculum”?
(A) The subject of study offered by an educational institution.
(B) Theory and Practical courses to be completed to qualify for a level of education.
(C) Organised whole of learning and other experiences provided by educational institutions, to realize set goals.
(D) The prescribed syllabi in the various subjects, plus practical courses and project/ dissertation.

28. What are the uses of System Analysis, when applied to classroom instruction as a sub-system of the curriculum?
I. It helps to design classroom instruction differently.
II. It helps to assess the effectiveness of the existing instructional design. 
III. It helps the teacher to verify results and get feedback.
IV. It helps as a novel method of reviewing classroom instruction. Choose the correct answers from the code given below:
(A) III, IV and I
(B) I, II and III
(C) IV, I and II
(D) II, III and IV

29. Tests that do not require the use of language of the subjects but responses are in the form of activities are called as
(A) Verbal tests
(B) Non-verbal tests
(C) Performance tests
(D) None of the above

30. Match the following & select the correct answers from the codes given below:
List – I Psychological Test                   List – II Psychologist 
 a. Intelligence Test                    i. Rorschach
b. Interest Test                           ii. Torrance
c. Personality Test                     iii. Binet
d. Creativity Test                       iv. Strong
                                                     v. Likert
Codes : a b c d
(A) iii ii i v
(B) v ii iv iii
(C) iv iii ii i
(D) iii iv i ii



1. When the findings of an experimental research are generalized to target population, the research is said to possess
(A) Internal validity
(B) Concurrent validity
(C) External validity
(D) Predictive validity

2. Which of the following do lay the foundation for curriculum?
(A) Societal Priorities, Government and Resources
(B) Philosophy, Sociology and Psychology
(C) Study materials, Training facilities and Societal needs
(D) Psychological bases of Education

3. Which of the following is an example of Summative Evaluation for Standard IX?
(A) Quarterly Examination
(B) Half-yearly Examination
(C) Annual examination
(D) Mid-Term Tests

4. Multiple choice question is an example of which of the following method of studying the process of remembering and forgetting?
(A) Recall
(B) Re-learning
(C) Recognition
(D) Reconstruction

5. The concept of advance organised was developed by
(A) Bruner
(B) Ausubel
(C) Erikson
(D) Kohlberg

6. Strong’s Vocational Interest Blank Test consists of
(A) 100 items
(B) 200 items
(C) 300 items
(D) 400 items

7. Which of the following correct order comes under Maslow’s hierarchy of needs?
(A) Self actualization, safety, love, esteem
(B) Physiological need, self actualization, esteem, safety
(C) Physiological need, safety, love, esteem
(D) Physiological need, esteem, self actualization, love

8. The Web.2 technologies which are helping in acquiring multiple knowledge are:
(A) U-Tube
(B) Face Book
(C) Wikipedia
(D) All the above

9. The word cybernetics was first used by
(A) Norbert Wiener
(B) Claude E. Shannan
(C) Warren Weaver Model
(D) Aristotle

10. Education does not include the following resources
(A) Human resources
(B) Material resources
(C) Water resources
(D) Financial resources

11. Phenomenology is a method basically used in
(A) Educational research
(B) Philosophical research
(C) Historical research
(D) Experimental research

12. The status-quo of a situation in research can be studied through:
(A) Experimental research
(B) Survey research
(C) Historical research
(D) Phenomenological research

13. Which of the following is incorrect as a measure of dispersion?
(A) Quartile Deviation
(B) Range
(C) Standard Deviation
(D) Sampling Error

14. Selection Test for admission to teacher training program was suggested by

15. NCTE was established by an act of Parliament in
(A) 1975
(B) 1995
(C) 1996
(D) 1986

Wednesday, November 7, 2018


31. The most ascetic School of Indian Philosophy is
(A) Buddhism
(B) Jainism
(C) Vedanta
(D) Sankhya

32. The number of Savants [Thirthankaras] in the Jain tradition is
(A) 10
(B) infinite
(C) 24
(D) 100

33. ‘Vinaya Pitaka’ deals with
(A) rules of conduct for the Buddhist Samga
(B) rules for polite behaviour for Jain monks
(C) rules for polite behaviour for Hindu Sannyasins
(D) Emperor Ashoka’s Edicts

34. Which one of the following is the stable measure of dispersion?
(A) Range
(B) Quartile Deviation
(C) Average Deviation
(D) Standard Deviation

35. The method of drawing conclusions based on the observation of each and every instance of a population is called
(A) Scientific Method
(B) Deductive Method
(C) Inductive Method
(D) Dialectic Method

36. Positivistic research approach was advocated by
(A) Francis Bacon
(B) Stanley & Compbell
(C) Auguste Comte
(D) Babbit

37. Something written in a holy book is held to be true by readers. This method of acquiring knowledge is termed as the method of
(A) Tenacity
(B) Authority
(C) Intuition
(D) Science

38. A class teacher administered Thematic Apperception Test to a group of students to assess their
(A) Achievement
(B) Awareness
(C) Personality
(D) Attitude

39. A class teacher asked all his students to take a test only as and when each one of them mastered the theory of Gravitation. This is an example of
(A) Norm Referenced Test
(B) Feasibility Test
(C) Summative Test
(D) Criterion Referenced Test

40. When a non-directional hypothesis is stated, the test of significance would be
(A) One tailed
(B) Two tailed
(C) Both (A) and (B)
(D) None of the above

41. The critical difference between naturalism and pragmatism is in the importance accorded to
(A) aims
(B) methods
(C) social context
(D) evaluation

42. What are the checks and balances available in society for regulating social behavior of people?
I. Mores, Folkways and Institutions
II. Enacted Laws and Punishments
III. Meditation and Prayer
IV. Reading religious books Choose the correct answers from the codes given below:
(A) I and II
(B) II and III
(C) III and IV
(D) IV and I

43. What is meant by ‘Culture’?
(A) Complex whole of what man has achieved as being a member of the society.
(B) Sophistication in dress, food, etc.
(C) Civilization marked by the use of modern electric home appliances 
(D) Using of computers, mobile phones, internet, etc.

44. What is the objective of the Integrated Child Development services? 
I. Improving nutrition and health status of children up to 6 years.
II. Reducing child mortality rate in the country.
III. Providing quality primary education to children.
IV. Providing healthcare centers to take care of children’s health. Choose the correct answers from the codes given below :
(A) I and II
(B) II and III
(C) III and IV
(D) IV and I

Read the passage and answer from question Nos. 45 to 50: “Everyday, day after day, we see men and animals dying. But each man thinks he is going to live on forever. What can be more surprising than this?” So goes a passage in the Mahabharata. All religions are attempts to help man come to terms with death. Swami Vivekananda said, ‘so long as death is there religion will be there’. However, it is common knowledge that very pious people are as much afraid of death as the no so pious. Gal Bellow, a Nobel Laureate in literature said, “The tragedy of civilization consists in the refusal of the doomed creature to die.” Jostling for space in the annals of history is an attempt to grapple with mortality. However, Norman O. Brown in his scholarly treatise, ‘Life against Death : A Psychoanalytic Interpretation of History’ concludes that the survival of mankind into the future urgently requires that we cultivate in every oncoming generation a consciousness that is willing and ready to die. This is squarely a challenge for educational research. We must develop a curriculum that will enable every individual follow the ebb and flow of the clan vital in the parabola of the life cycle, savour the joys of sex in the waxing phase of the parabola and mellow with it in the waning phase.

45. According to the Mahabharata what is most surprising?
(A) People dying
(B) Animals dying
(C) Animals and people living
(D) Failure to accept death is inevitable for everyone

46. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
(A) Religions attempt to help us accept death.
(B) Religions attempt to help us to live properly and die properly.
(C) Religions succeed in helping everyone of their followers to accept death when the time comes.
(D) Death is there only because of religion.

47. The tragedy of civilization consists in
(A) death
(B) facilitates that increase life expectancy
(C) increase in population
(D) desire of human beings to live on forever

48. “Jostling for space in the annals of history” means:
(A) struggling for lasting frame
(B) writing history books
(C) trying to get into spacecrafts
(D) trying to become a wrestler

49. What do you think Norman O. Brown’s book is about ?
(A) Life
(B) Death
(C) History
(D) Struggle between life and death

50. The essential message of this passage is best expressed as
(A) Celebration of living
(B) Celebration of dying
(C) Parabola of the life cycle
(D) Learning-to-Be and Not-to-Be


16. ‘Coherence’ is the criterion of truth is
(A) Existentialism
(B) Idealism
(C) Marxism
(D) Naturalism

17. ‘Metaphysics’ means
(A) a branch of Physics
(B) exploring the nature of ultimate reality
(C) Physics of metals
(D) Physics of weather

18. The two basic divisions in Schools of Indian Philosophy are
(A) Vedanta and Buddhism
(B) Advaita and Dwaita
(C) Theistic and Atheistic
(D) Orthodox and Heterodox

19. The ultimate goal of education in Jainism is
(A) Non-violence
(B) Renunciation
(C) Liberation
(D) Philanthropy

20. The ceremony of initiation of education in Buddhism is called
(A) Vidyarambam
(B) Upanayanam
(C) Pabajja
(D) Uparampada

21. Researcher intends to ascertain the attitude of adolescents towards modernization, which one of the following tools is an appropriate one? 
(A) Projective Technique
(B) Interview
(C) Likert Scale
(D) Sociometry

22. Which of the following is incorrect as a measure of dispersion?
(A) Quartile Deviation
(B) Range
(C) Standard Deviation
(D) Sampling Error

23. A researcher prepared a report based on the interviews of 25 people. Under which category, this research can be placed?
(A) Quantitative
(B) Qualitative
(C) Historical
(D) Scientific

24. The Right to Education Act recently passed by our Parliament is an extension of the following article of our Constitution
(A) 13
(B) 15
(C) 45
(D) 55

25. Which of the following are essentially required on the part of the teacher for developing intercultural understanding in children?
I. Possession of knowledge of various cultures and subcultures.
II. Being progressive and open-minded
III. Being pious and religious
IV. Classroom communication skills choose the correct answers from the given options.
Codes :
(A) I and II
(B) II and III
(C) III and IV
(D) IV and I

26. What is the striking contrast between “acclimatization” and “naturalization”?
I. Acclimatization is adjusting to the external environment.
II. Acclimatization is changing the room temperature and air circulation using appliances.
III. Naturalization is change of attitude as required by the new context. 
IV. Acclimatization is external and Naturalization is internal. Choose the correct answers from the given options.
(A) I, II and III
(B) II, III and IV
(C) III, IV and I
(D) IV, I and II

27. Introspection method lacks in
(A) Reliability
(B) Validity
(C) Objectivity
(D) All the above three

28. Which of the following thinkers said ‘Literacy itself is not education, literacy is only a means to education’?
(A) J. Krishnamurti
(B) Swami Vivekananda
(C) Sri Aurobindo
(D) Mahatma Gandhi

29. Which teaching method was evolved by Naturalism?
(A) Heuristic Method
(B) Play way Method
(C) Scientific Method
(D) Project Method

30. Choose the correct or the best answer among the following: ‘Philosophy’ means
(A) Consoling oneself while facing disappointments in life.
(B) A form of religion.
(C) Attempt to find answer to fundamental and ultimate questions.
(D) Sophisticated arguments.


1. A common feature of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism is belief about
(A) the unreality of the world
(B) the existence of God
(C) the soul
(D) karma and rebirth

2. ‘Epistemology’ means
(A) stem cell research
(B) study of the nature of knowledge
(C) study of the nature of values
(D) study of the nature of the world

3. In Indian Philosophy ‘pramana’ means
(A) oath
(B) measurement
(C) assurance
(D) source of knowledge
4. Which of the following is the source material about the Jain way of life ?
(A) Dhammapada
(B) Karma Kanda
(C) Tripitaka
(D) Tri-ratna

5. The Schools of Vedanta are
(A) Dharma, Artha and Moksa
(B) Advaita, Dwaita and Visishtadvaita
(C) Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism
(D) the orthodox and the heterodox

6. A researcher is interested in studying the flood victims. Which one of the following is a suitable sample selection method?
(A) Random Sampling
(B) Stratified Sampling
(C) Systematic Sampling
(D) Purposive Sampling

7. Match the Measurement Scales in List – I which can be used with appropriate Statistics in List – II :
               List – I                          List – II
a. Nominal Scales                  i. Geometric Mean
b. Ordinal Scales                   ii. Frequency Distribution
c. Interval Scales                   iii. Median & Rank Correlation
d. Ratio Scales                       iv. Mean, SD & Correlations
(A) iv iii ii i
(B) i iii ii iv
(C) ii iii iv i
(D) i iv iii ii

8. Which one of the following tests can be used to examine the differences in Mathematics achievement of boys and girls ?
(A) Correlational Test
(B) ‘t’ Test
(C) Chi-square Test
(D) Anova

9. There is a significant positive correlation between variables X and Y. This means that :
(A) X causes variation in Y.
(B) Y causes variation in X.
(C) X and Y vary together in opposite directions.
(D) X and Y vary together in the same direction.

10. “Education and Society are two mutually supporting systems, interconnected, that one cannot thrive in the absence of the other.” What is the reason?
(A) Education sustains society, preserves culture, ushers in new one and inculcates values.
(B) Education helps to do away with social divisions and produces leaders for governance.
(C) Education makes people self employable/employable.
(D) Education modernizes and makes society civilized.

11. ‘Alienation’ as a widespread social problem was first highlighted by 
(A) Idealism
(B) Pragmatism
(C) Marxism
(D) Realism

12. What is the subject matter of Educational Sociology?
I. Social Processes and Social Change
II. Social Behavior and Social Control
III. Social Institutions and Social Problems
IV. Legislature, Executive and Judiciary
Codes :
(A) I, II and III
(B) IV, I and II
(C) III, IV and I
(D) II, III and IV

13. What was the purpose of introducing the noon-meal scheme in primary schools?
(A) To keep primary teachers engaged.
(B) To increase enrollment in primary schools.
(C) To provide employment to cooks.
(D) To provide one square meal to children every day.

14. What does the term ‘Socialization” refer to?
(A) Participating in social service activities.
(B) Process of interaction among members of the society and transmitting values.
(C) Instructions given to people through mass media to keep society free from corruption.
(D) Advising people to bring up their children as socially responsible beings.

15. ‘Hinayana’ is the name of which School of Buddhism?
(A) Theravada
(B) Vajrayana
(C) Tantric
(D) Esoteric



41. Xerophthalmia is a result of insufficient amount of
(A) Vitamin C
(B) Vitamin B
(C) Vitamin D
(D) Vitamin A

42. Which of the following cannot be achieved by using objective test items?
(A) Problem solving ability
(B) High degree of reliability
(C) Objectivity in scoring
(D) Wide content coverage

43. Internship Programme of teacher education provides
(A) Content courses
(B) Practical courses
(C) Complete school environment
(D) Research courses

44. The first National Policy on Education in free India was launched in the year
(A) 1947
(B) 1964
(C) 1968
(D) 1986

45. MMPI is associated with
(A) Intelligence
(B) Creativity
(C) Personality
(D) Mental Age

46. Why is the Interview considered the best tool for assessing the gravity of the client’s problem?
(A) The face to face contact between the counselor and the counsellee is known as the counselling interview.
(B) It helps to get first hand information about the client and his/her problem.
(C) It is very easy to organise and conduct an interview with the client. 
(D) The interview can be video graphed.

47. Modernization is a type of social change in which society becomes 
(A) more open
(B) more stratsified
(C) less orderly
(D) more closed

48. In which country the first open university was established in the world?
(A) U.S.A.
(B) U.K.
(C) India
(D) Australia

49. Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation in school education was started by

50. Syntactic abilities referred to
(A) Ability to make sentence structure
(B) Ability for spell well
(C) Ability to visualize sentences
(D) Ability to hear well

51. Phenomenological Research is a
(A) Qualitative Research
(B) Quantitative Research
(C) Trend Research
(D) Descriptive Research

52. Which one of the following is not a type of Descriptive Research method ?
(A) Correlational
(B) Causal Comparative
(C) Survey
(D) Developmental study

53. What are the determinants of “Objectives” in the development of a curriculum for the secondary level?
I. Socio-psychological needs of the individuals of the level concerned. 
II. Economic needs of the society.
III. Thrust area at the time of curriculum development.
IV. National aims of secondary level of education. Choose the correct answer from the given codes :
Codes :
(A) I, II and IV
(B) II, III and IV
(C) I, III and IV
(D) I, II and III

54. ‘Learning at one’s own pace’ is a special feature of
(A) Teacher-centered method
(B) Programmed instruction method
(C) Learner-centered method
(D) Activity-centered method

55. Cost-benefit analysis is the
(A) Objective
(B) Approach
(C) Characteristic
(D) Function

56. The need for measuring intelligence of children emerged out of
(A) Concern for helping slow learners
(B) Requirement of good army officers
(C) Social pressures regarding talent development
(D) Scarcity of funds for constructing new schools

57. The knowledge of educational psychology mostly helps the teacher to
(A) decide general aims of education
(B) write specific instructional objectives
(C) choose right instructional approach
(D) device good evaluation methods

58. The child who reads numbers wrongly has the following learning disability:
(A) Dyscrasia
(B) Dyslexia
(C) Dyspepsia
(D) Dyscalculia

59. The process of assigning numerals to objects according to some rules is termed as
(A) Observation
(B) Measurement
(C) Analysis
(D) Statistics

60. According to 2011 Census, the overall literacy rate in India is about 
(A) 64%
(B) 72%
(C) 74%
(D) 82%

61. A less experienced learner acquires knowledge and skills under the guidance of an expert is a concept of
(A) Constructivism
(B) Scaffolding
(C) Situated Learning
(D) Cognitive Apprenticeship

62. The conscious ego is one of the elements of personality given by the Psychologist
(A) Freud
(B) Jung
(C) Adler
(D) Allport

63. Which of the following add to the resourcefulness of a practitioner of Guidance?
I. Scholarship and Accessibility
II. Qualification and punctuality
III. The skill of listening and face reading
IV. Empathy Choose the correct answer from the given codes :
Codes :
(A) I and II
(B) II and III
(C) III and IV
(D) IV and I

64. Education leading to unemployment is an example for
(A) Normative social change
(B) Descriptive social change
(C) Dysfunctional social change
(D) Synchronic social change

65. First open university in India was established in the year
(A) 1961
(B) 1982
(C) 1985
(D) 2001

66. Inclusive Education refers to
(A) Special teaching to disabled students
(B) Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
(C) Equal educational opportunities to disabled and normal students
(D) Special education in special schools

67. Reading-disability in primary grades develops feelings of
(A) Adjustment
(B) Security
(C) Insecurity
(D) Peer Affection

68. While conducting experimental research a researcher should control the
(A) Independent variables
(B) Dependent variables
(C) No variables
(D) Extraneous variables
69. ‘Subject Mortality’ leads to internal invalidity of
(A) Historical Research
(B) Experimental Research
(C) Descriptive Research
(D) Philosophical Research

70. What are the guidelines for organizing the content in a subject curriculum?
I. Year by year description of content.
II. Place by place description of content.
III. Linear or spiral form of expansion of content.
IV. Degree of importance-wise of the content. Choose the correct answer from the given codes:
Codes :
(A) I and II
(B) II and III
(C) III and IV
(D) IV and I

Paraphrasing Read the following passage and answer questions 71 to 75: Dr. Johnson described sleep as a ‘gentle tyrant’. ‘Sleep’ is a tyrant because nobody can escape its regimen; ‘gentle’ because there is some flexibility …of course, within limits … in the distribution of the hours of sleeping and being awake. We go to sleep way 15 to 16 hours; and sleep for about 8 hours in a 24 hours cycle. The outer limit for keeping sleep at bay for the average individual is 72 hours. An average individual cannot keep continuously awake for more than 72 hours. Of course, there have been exceptional individuals like the tyrant Napoleon and Arjuna. ‘Sleep’ and ‘Education’ are intimate enemies. Most often they go together but they always work against each other. Often students lose sleep thanks to fear of failing in the examinations. However, when they sit down to study sleep overpower them. Is it possible to develop and impart education about sleep ? Has anybody successfully done it ? What should be the aims of education vis-à-vis sleep? What are the best agencies for imparting education about sleep? What should be a curriculum for sleep education be like? There is urgent need for research in this area.

71. Sleep is described as a ‘gentle tyrant’ because
(A) nobody can escape sleep.
(B) everybody has to sleep
(C) we need a comfortable environment for sleeping.
(D) there is some flexibility within limits for the distribution of sleeping hours.

72. The longest duration an individual can remain awake is
(A) 24 hours
(B) 16 hours
(C) 8 hours
(D) 72 hours

73. ‘Gentle Tyrant’ refers to
(A) Arjuna
(B) Sleep
(C) Napoleon
(D) Dr. Johnson

74. ‘Sleep’ and ‘Education’ are described as ‘intimate enemies’ because 
(A) they go together.
(B) they work against each other.
(C) education cannot conquer sleep.
(D) they are together but work against each other.

75. The most suitable title for this passage would be
(A) Sleep : A Gentle Tyrant
(B) Dr. Johnson’s Idea on sleep
(C) Education for Sleep
(D) Sleep and Education : Intimate Enemies