Wednesday, November 7, 2018


1. A common feature of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism is belief about
(A) the unreality of the world
(B) the existence of God
(C) the soul
(D) karma and rebirth

2. ‘Epistemology’ means
(A) stem cell research
(B) study of the nature of knowledge
(C) study of the nature of values
(D) study of the nature of the world

3. In Indian Philosophy ‘pramana’ means
(A) oath
(B) measurement
(C) assurance
(D) source of knowledge
4. Which of the following is the source material about the Jain way of life ?
(A) Dhammapada
(B) Karma Kanda
(C) Tripitaka
(D) Tri-ratna

5. The Schools of Vedanta are
(A) Dharma, Artha and Moksa
(B) Advaita, Dwaita and Visishtadvaita
(C) Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism
(D) the orthodox and the heterodox

6. A researcher is interested in studying the flood victims. Which one of the following is a suitable sample selection method?
(A) Random Sampling
(B) Stratified Sampling
(C) Systematic Sampling
(D) Purposive Sampling

7. Match the Measurement Scales in List – I which can be used with appropriate Statistics in List – II :
               List – I                          List – II
a. Nominal Scales                  i. Geometric Mean
b. Ordinal Scales                   ii. Frequency Distribution
c. Interval Scales                   iii. Median & Rank Correlation
d. Ratio Scales                       iv. Mean, SD & Correlations
(A) iv iii ii i
(B) i iii ii iv
(C) ii iii iv i
(D) i iv iii ii

8. Which one of the following tests can be used to examine the differences in Mathematics achievement of boys and girls ?
(A) Correlational Test
(B) ‘t’ Test
(C) Chi-square Test
(D) Anova

9. There is a significant positive correlation between variables X and Y. This means that :
(A) X causes variation in Y.
(B) Y causes variation in X.
(C) X and Y vary together in opposite directions.
(D) X and Y vary together in the same direction.

10. “Education and Society are two mutually supporting systems, interconnected, that one cannot thrive in the absence of the other.” What is the reason?
(A) Education sustains society, preserves culture, ushers in new one and inculcates values.
(B) Education helps to do away with social divisions and produces leaders for governance.
(C) Education makes people self employable/employable.
(D) Education modernizes and makes society civilized.

11. ‘Alienation’ as a widespread social problem was first highlighted by 
(A) Idealism
(B) Pragmatism
(C) Marxism
(D) Realism

12. What is the subject matter of Educational Sociology?
I. Social Processes and Social Change
II. Social Behavior and Social Control
III. Social Institutions and Social Problems
IV. Legislature, Executive and Judiciary
Codes :
(A) I, II and III
(B) IV, I and II
(C) III, IV and I
(D) II, III and IV

13. What was the purpose of introducing the noon-meal scheme in primary schools?
(A) To keep primary teachers engaged.
(B) To increase enrollment in primary schools.
(C) To provide employment to cooks.
(D) To provide one square meal to children every day.

14. What does the term ‘Socialization” refer to?
(A) Participating in social service activities.
(B) Process of interaction among members of the society and transmitting values.
(C) Instructions given to people through mass media to keep society free from corruption.
(D) Advising people to bring up their children as socially responsible beings.

15. ‘Hinayana’ is the name of which School of Buddhism?
(A) Theravada
(B) Vajrayana
(C) Tantric
(D) Esoteric



41. Xerophthalmia is a result of insufficient amount of
(A) Vitamin C
(B) Vitamin B
(C) Vitamin D
(D) Vitamin A

42. Which of the following cannot be achieved by using objective test items?
(A) Problem solving ability
(B) High degree of reliability
(C) Objectivity in scoring
(D) Wide content coverage

43. Internship Programme of teacher education provides
(A) Content courses
(B) Practical courses
(C) Complete school environment
(D) Research courses

44. The first National Policy on Education in free India was launched in the year
(A) 1947
(B) 1964
(C) 1968
(D) 1986

45. MMPI is associated with
(A) Intelligence
(B) Creativity
(C) Personality
(D) Mental Age

46. Why is the Interview considered the best tool for assessing the gravity of the client’s problem?
(A) The face to face contact between the counselor and the counsellee is known as the counselling interview.
(B) It helps to get first hand information about the client and his/her problem.
(C) It is very easy to organise and conduct an interview with the client. 
(D) The interview can be video graphed.

47. Modernization is a type of social change in which society becomes 
(A) more open
(B) more stratsified
(C) less orderly
(D) more closed

48. In which country the first open university was established in the world?
(A) U.S.A.
(B) U.K.
(C) India
(D) Australia

49. Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation in school education was started by

50. Syntactic abilities referred to
(A) Ability to make sentence structure
(B) Ability for spell well
(C) Ability to visualize sentences
(D) Ability to hear well

51. Phenomenological Research is a
(A) Qualitative Research
(B) Quantitative Research
(C) Trend Research
(D) Descriptive Research

52. Which one of the following is not a type of Descriptive Research method ?
(A) Correlational
(B) Causal Comparative
(C) Survey
(D) Developmental study

53. What are the determinants of “Objectives” in the development of a curriculum for the secondary level?
I. Socio-psychological needs of the individuals of the level concerned. 
II. Economic needs of the society.
III. Thrust area at the time of curriculum development.
IV. National aims of secondary level of education. Choose the correct answer from the given codes :
Codes :
(A) I, II and IV
(B) II, III and IV
(C) I, III and IV
(D) I, II and III

54. ‘Learning at one’s own pace’ is a special feature of
(A) Teacher-centered method
(B) Programmed instruction method
(C) Learner-centered method
(D) Activity-centered method

55. Cost-benefit analysis is the
(A) Objective
(B) Approach
(C) Characteristic
(D) Function

56. The need for measuring intelligence of children emerged out of
(A) Concern for helping slow learners
(B) Requirement of good army officers
(C) Social pressures regarding talent development
(D) Scarcity of funds for constructing new schools

57. The knowledge of educational psychology mostly helps the teacher to
(A) decide general aims of education
(B) write specific instructional objectives
(C) choose right instructional approach
(D) device good evaluation methods

58. The child who reads numbers wrongly has the following learning disability:
(A) Dyscrasia
(B) Dyslexia
(C) Dyspepsia
(D) Dyscalculia

59. The process of assigning numerals to objects according to some rules is termed as
(A) Observation
(B) Measurement
(C) Analysis
(D) Statistics

60. According to 2011 Census, the overall literacy rate in India is about 
(A) 64%
(B) 72%
(C) 74%
(D) 82%

61. A less experienced learner acquires knowledge and skills under the guidance of an expert is a concept of
(A) Constructivism
(B) Scaffolding
(C) Situated Learning
(D) Cognitive Apprenticeship

62. The conscious ego is one of the elements of personality given by the Psychologist
(A) Freud
(B) Jung
(C) Adler
(D) Allport

63. Which of the following add to the resourcefulness of a practitioner of Guidance?
I. Scholarship and Accessibility
II. Qualification and punctuality
III. The skill of listening and face reading
IV. Empathy Choose the correct answer from the given codes :
Codes :
(A) I and II
(B) II and III
(C) III and IV
(D) IV and I

64. Education leading to unemployment is an example for
(A) Normative social change
(B) Descriptive social change
(C) Dysfunctional social change
(D) Synchronic social change

65. First open university in India was established in the year
(A) 1961
(B) 1982
(C) 1985
(D) 2001

66. Inclusive Education refers to
(A) Special teaching to disabled students
(B) Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
(C) Equal educational opportunities to disabled and normal students
(D) Special education in special schools

67. Reading-disability in primary grades develops feelings of
(A) Adjustment
(B) Security
(C) Insecurity
(D) Peer Affection

68. While conducting experimental research a researcher should control the
(A) Independent variables
(B) Dependent variables
(C) No variables
(D) Extraneous variables
69. ‘Subject Mortality’ leads to internal invalidity of
(A) Historical Research
(B) Experimental Research
(C) Descriptive Research
(D) Philosophical Research

70. What are the guidelines for organizing the content in a subject curriculum?
I. Year by year description of content.
II. Place by place description of content.
III. Linear or spiral form of expansion of content.
IV. Degree of importance-wise of the content. Choose the correct answer from the given codes:
Codes :
(A) I and II
(B) II and III
(C) III and IV
(D) IV and I

Paraphrasing Read the following passage and answer questions 71 to 75: Dr. Johnson described sleep as a ‘gentle tyrant’. ‘Sleep’ is a tyrant because nobody can escape its regimen; ‘gentle’ because there is some flexibility …of course, within limits … in the distribution of the hours of sleeping and being awake. We go to sleep way 15 to 16 hours; and sleep for about 8 hours in a 24 hours cycle. The outer limit for keeping sleep at bay for the average individual is 72 hours. An average individual cannot keep continuously awake for more than 72 hours. Of course, there have been exceptional individuals like the tyrant Napoleon and Arjuna. ‘Sleep’ and ‘Education’ are intimate enemies. Most often they go together but they always work against each other. Often students lose sleep thanks to fear of failing in the examinations. However, when they sit down to study sleep overpower them. Is it possible to develop and impart education about sleep ? Has anybody successfully done it ? What should be the aims of education vis-à-vis sleep? What are the best agencies for imparting education about sleep? What should be a curriculum for sleep education be like? There is urgent need for research in this area.

71. Sleep is described as a ‘gentle tyrant’ because
(A) nobody can escape sleep.
(B) everybody has to sleep
(C) we need a comfortable environment for sleeping.
(D) there is some flexibility within limits for the distribution of sleeping hours.

72. The longest duration an individual can remain awake is
(A) 24 hours
(B) 16 hours
(C) 8 hours
(D) 72 hours

73. ‘Gentle Tyrant’ refers to
(A) Arjuna
(B) Sleep
(C) Napoleon
(D) Dr. Johnson

74. ‘Sleep’ and ‘Education’ are described as ‘intimate enemies’ because 
(A) they go together.
(B) they work against each other.
(C) education cannot conquer sleep.
(D) they are together but work against each other.

75. The most suitable title for this passage would be
(A) Sleep : A Gentle Tyrant
(B) Dr. Johnson’s Idea on sleep
(C) Education for Sleep
(D) Sleep and Education : Intimate Enemies

Wednesday, March 14, 2018


31. Who has given the theory of ‘Social Learning’ ?
(A) Thorndike
(B) Spearman
(C) Albert Bandra
(D) Watson

32. Law of exercise enables students to
(A) Diligence(B) Intelligence
(C) Insight
(D) Problem solving

33. Which of the following students need their teachers attention ?
(A) Introvert
(B) Slow learners
(C) Gifted
(D) All of these

34. Which one of the following conditions qualifies to be an instance of negative reinforcement ?
(A) Giving a punishment
(B) Withholding a reward
(C) Withdrawing a painful stimulus
(D) Excessive rewarding

35. A child who uses a wheel chair
(A) should not be in the regular school.
(B) should study only in a special school.
(C) should be given education with non-disabled students in a regular school.
(D) should be given education in a regular school in a lower class.

36. “School is a community in miniature, a micro society.” What do the terms “Community” and “Society” signify in the context ?
I. Community signifies freedom.
II. Community signifies equal treatment to all.
III. Society signifies equality of educational and job opportunities.
IV. Society signifies control. Choose the correct answer from the given codes : Codes :
(A) III and II
(B) III and I
(C) III and IV
(D) I and IV

37. ‘Individual Differences’ are given the least importance in
(A) Idealism
(B) Realism
(C) Naturalism
(D) Pragmatism

38. What is the basic criterion for social class ?
(A) Occupation
(B) Status
(C) Religion
(D) Locale of Residence

39. On the basis of an achievement test, the teacher rated Ram, Shyam & Dhyan as 1st, 2nd & 3rd respectively. This is an example of
(A) Ratio Scale
(B) Ordinal Scale
(C) Internal Scale
(D) Nominal Scale

40. If the tenth grade students find science test to be very easy and majority of them scored high marks, the resulting description would be
(A) Normal
(B) Mesokurtic
(C) Skewed to the left
(D) Skewed to the right


21. Critically judge the following :
Assertion (A) : Adolescence is a period of stress and storm.
Reason (R) : Capacity to acquire and utilize their knowledge reaches it’s peak.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation.
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation.
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

22. “The responses which are followed by satisfying after-effects tends to be learned”, is
(A) The law of exercise
(B) The law of effect
(C) The law of readiness
(D) The law of relativity

23. Spranger’s typology is based on man’s
(A) Interests
(B) Body structure
(C) Behavior
(D) Attitude

24. What is meant by the term socialization ?
(A) Influencing the rural illiterate masses, by social and service organization, to send their children to schools regularly.
(B) Media information, including advertisements, to keep their houses, streets and public places clean.
(C) Process of interaction among members of the society and inhibiting values.
(D) Participating in social service activities.

25. Who is regarded as the Father of Sociology ?
(A) Auguste Comte
(B) McIver
(C) Robert Payne
(D) Talcott Parson

26. Which one does indicate a healthy atmosphere for the social functioning of the class/school ?
(A) Democracy as a compromise between Laissez faire and Autocracy.
(B) Democracy as a compromise between Persuasion and Permission.
(C) Laissez faire
(D) Democracy

27. The proposition about research that you do not agree is
(A) Research improves the quality of teaching.
(B) Research leads to finding solution to too many problems.
(C) Research is only a personnel achievement.
(D) Research contributes to social progress of the society.

28. Which of the following is a non parametric test ?
(A) Analysis of Co variance
(B) Analysis of Variance
(C) Median Test
(D) Critical Ratio

29. Which of the following statements is true for reliability and validity of a measuring instrument ?
(A) Reliable test is also valid.
(B) Validity does not ensure reliability.
(C) Validity and reliability are not related.
(D) Valid test must be reliable.

30. According to the behaviorist school of psychology, the teacher is
(A) store-house of knowledge.
(B) a leader in the classroom.
(C) supervisor of children’s learning activities.
(D) creator of appropriate learning conditions.


11. What is the view of Educational Sociologists on Character Education ?
(A) Character Education is the exclusive province of the home and religious organizations.
(B) Character Education is impossible without religious and denominational doctrine
(C) Character Education is best handled by giving the target ready  made judgements.
(D) Character Education should involve the direct discussion of moral issues.

12. “Investment in Education is the single, largest item of expenditure, next to defense, in many countries today.” What is the social justification ?
I. Education has become a pressing need under globalization.
II. Education is the Panacea for social ills.
III. Education produces unselfish and competent leaders for establishing polity. IV. Education helps to procure security, prosperity and social well-being for all. 
Choose the correct answer from the given
codes : Codes :
(A) I and III
(B) II and IV
(C) I and II
(D) III and IV

13. Which was the major factor for caste distinction in India before independence ? 
(A) Religion
(B) Poverty
(C) English Education
(D) Family Occupation

14. Deductive Reasoning helps in
(A) Research Reporting
(B) Formulation of Hypothesis
(C) Data Analysis
(D) Tools Preparation

15. Which method focuses on generating new hypothesis ?
(A) Pattern
(B) Deductive
(C) Inductive
(D) None is correct

16. The feasibility of a research study should be considered in the light of
(A) Potential ethical concerns
(B) Skills required for the researcher
(C) Cost and time required to conduct the research
(D) All of above

17. Which of the following is not the feature of symbols assigned to categories on a nominal scale ?
(A) No quantitative meaning
(B) Nothing more than labels or names
(C) May be ordered according to magnitude
(D) Cannot be subjected to arithmetic operations

18. The learning theories under behaviourist category are based on the belief that 
(A) Child is a natural learner.
(B) Environment can change a man.
(C) All behaviors can be learnt.
(D) Everybody can learn everything.

19. Burner identified three major stages of cognitive growth. Identify the correct order of the stages.
(A) Symbolic, Iconic, En active
(B) Iconic, Symbolic, En active
(C) En active, Iconic, Symbolic
(D) Symbolic, En active, Iconic

20. Army Beta test is an example of
(A) Individual verbal test of intelligence
(B) Group non-verbal test of intelligence
(C) Group verbal test of intelligence
(D) Performance test


1.‘Internal criticism’ is a required step in
(A) Experimental Research
(B) Historical Research
(C) Descriptive Research
(D) Philosophical Research

2. Which sampling technique will be most appropriate to draw a representative sample of heterogeneous population ?
(A) Stratified Random
(B) Quota
(C) Purpose
(D) Incidental

3. Chi-square test is an example of
(A) Parametric test
(B) Non-Parametric test
(C) Descriptive test
(D) Survey test 

4. A highly reliable test is required for the purpose of
(A) using teacher made test
(B) testing for research purpose
(C) dividing students into ability groups
(D) providing guidance services

5. Which of the following won a Nobel Prize for his pioneering work on learning theories ?
(A) R.M. Gayne
(B) J.S. Bruner
(C) Lev Vygotsky
(D) Ivan Pavlov

6. According to Piaget, cognitive development in human beings take place through four important stages. Identify the correct order of these stages.
(A) Pre-operational, formal operational, concrete operational, sensory motor
(B) Sensory motor, concrete operational, formal operational pre-operational
(C) Formal operational, sensory motor, pre-operational, concrete operational
(D) Sensory motor, pre-operational, concrete operational, formal operational

7. Match the List – I with List – II & select the correct answer using the code given below :
List – I                                                  List – II
a. Carl Roger                             i. Field theory
b. Kurt Levin                            ii. Social learning theory
c. Bandura                                iii. Self theory
d. Bruner                                  iv. Psychoanalytic theory 
                                                 v. Cognitive theory
Codes : a b c d
(A) iii iv ii v
(B) ii i v iii
(C) i ii iv v
(D) iii i ii v

8. In Pavlov’s experiments on the salivary conditioning of dogs, the CS was
(A) The taste of food
(B) Salivation to the taste of food
(C) The sound of a bell
(D) Salivation to the sound of bell

9. Kohlar developed
(A) S-R bond theory
(B) Insight theory
(C) Field theory
(D) Conditioning theory

10. Which of the following is an incorrect pair ?
(A) Multiple theory of intelligence – Guilford
(B) Theory of classical conditioning – Pavlov
(C) Psycho-social theory – Erikson
(D) Theory of meaningful verbal learning – Aasubel