Tuesday, April 26, 2016



11. ‘Let nature and experience be your guide’ is a declared dictum of:
A. Pragmatism
B. Naturalism
C. Realism
D. Existentialism

12. The Indian school of philosophy close to realism is:
A. Budhhism
B. Jainism
C. Sankhya
D. Nyaya

13. ‘Education of the instinct’ is considered as unique contribution of:
A. Pragmatism Education
B. Naturalism Education
C. Realism Education
D. Existentialism Education

14. Which of the following is not form of culture?
A. Material
B. Non-material
C. Intelligence
D. Industrial
15. Most educated women today face many problems. Which of the following is not applicable:
A. They are paid less as compare to men
B. have jobs of lower status
C. Consider traditional rule unfit for them
D. Enjoy equal rights in the family

16. Dr.Radhakrishna University Education Commission’s Report said the following about religious education:
A. Religious education leads to spiritual education
B. Moral and religious education are the two poles of social education
C. Religious education is a must at higher stage
D. We do not want religious education, but education about religious

17. Population education means:
A. Education for family planning
B. Sex education from scientific point of view
C. Knowledge of the problem imposed by population growth
D. To understand the characteristics of different groups of population

18. The UGC was established in our country in the year:
A. 1956
B. 1953
C. 1949
D. 1963

19. A democratic society is one which:
A. Follows the principles of equality, freedom, fraternity and justice
B. Respected the enlightened individuals
C. Believes in equal opportunities
D. All the above

20. The ‘Modernization of education’ could be achieved through:
A. Vocationalising the education institutions
B. Including current scientific and technological development of curricula
C. Changing the curricula as frequency as possible
D. Improving the schools and colleges




1. Which of the following is not a characteristic of Gandhian education?
A. Community is living and teacher as a model
B. Intelligent productive manual labor
C. Raise up non-violent men and non-violent society
D. Mastery over material science and technology

2. Tri-Ratna or three-gems is the means of liberation for:
A. Buddhism
B. Jainism
C. Sankhya
D. Nyaya

3. The validity of empirical data as a source of knowledge is generally accepted by:
A. Gotama
B. Kapila
C. Patenjali
D. Brahaspathi

4. Sankhya philosophy was propounded by:
A. Gotama
B. Kapila
C. Patenjali
D. Brahaspathi

5. ‘Principle of Independence’ is a fundamental tenet of:
A. Pragmatism
B. Idealism
C. Realism
D. Extentalism

6. Which of the following is not an extentialistic tinker?
A. Kierkegaard
B. Nietzshce
C. Paul sastre
D. Russell
7. Adviata vedana was consolidated by:
A. Ramanjuna
B. Madhav
C. Guadapada
D. Sankara

8. ‘Reality is still in the making’ is a principle of:
A. Pragmatism
B. Naturalism
C. Realism
D. Existentialism

9. Which of the following concepts is emphasized by Swami Vivekananda:
A. Integral education
B. Man making education
C. Education of harmony
D. Citizenship of education

10. “Man is nothing but what he makes himself nothing” is the fundamental view point of:
A. Pragmatism
B. Naturalism
C. Realism
D. Existentialism


Tuesday, April 12, 2016

Structure of seed

Structure of seed
Children have you seen a bean or a gram seed. It is hard and cannot be broken easily. The hard outer covering layer is called the seed coat. The seed coat protects the seed. 

Seed coat – Formed from embryo sack wall and endosperm tissue (During development, the endosperm stops dividing and is absorbed into the embryonic tissues.)

The seed has two cotyledons. These are special seed leaves which protect baby plant or embryo. They also store food for the embryo.
Seeds like grams, beans and peas have two cotyledons while seeds like wheat and corn have only one cotyledon.


Sunday, April 10, 2016



Let us see about seed germination
Growing plants from seeds:
Children if u eat an apple or an orange you will fine deeds inside. New plants can grow from these seeds.

Not all seeds grow into new plants. some seeds are eaten up by birds and insects. Some seeds get destroyed by the rain or wind. 
If seeds get sufficient amount of air, water, warmth it grows in to new plant.
A seed producing a new baby plant or seedling. This process we called as seed germination.
During the early stages of germination, the seedling gets the foods which it requires for its growth from the cotyledons. The food which stored in cotyledons has been used up the seedling gets its food from the soil.
The seedlings absorbs water and nutrients from the soil with the help of its roots. The it develops new leaves and grows in to a new a baby plant.
Now it requires air for seed germination. The air reaches the seed through pores in the soil. That is why soil is so important for plants growth.
After they germinate, they will struggle for air, water, light, nutrients and the space to grow. As a result, many of them would die.