Showing posts with label TEXT-CBSE-EVS-CLASS IV. Show all posts
Showing posts with label TEXT-CBSE-EVS-CLASS IV. Show all posts

Saturday, January 16, 2016


Vani and Prasad live in a village called Mukhtapur. Their home is always filled with bundles of bright coloured threads. Their mother and father and everyone else in the family, are weavers.
The weaving that they do is very beautiful and special. Mukhtapur village is in the Pochampallidistrict of Andhra Pradesh. Most of the families in this district are weavers.
Process of making pochampalli sareesThat is why the special cloth that they weave is called Pochampalli
The villagers have been doing this work since a long time. Vani and Prasad’s parents learnt weaving from their elders.

Now Vani and Prasad also help their parents after coming back from school. This weaving requires hard work, and many different things have to be done before actually weaving. From thread to Cloth From thread to Cloth.
Father brings bundles of thread from Pochampalli city. Mother then puts these threads in boiling water to wash away the dirt and stains.
Then everybody works to dye the thread with bright colours. These threads are then dried and rolled into bundles. These bundles are put onto looms and the cloth is woven.
Silk cloth and silk sarees are woven from the silk thread. Cotton thread is used to weave cotton sarees, cloth, sheets etc.
The loom has many needles. The size and number of the needles changes according to the design.
The weavers weave the beautiful Pochampalli sarees in bright colours. Through their traditional craft they have made their region world famous.
Great skill is needed to weave such special sarees. It also takes many days of hard labour.
After all this, it is difficult to get a good price for these sarees. Silk is becoming expensive day-by-day.
Big shopkeepers give very little money for the sarees, though they themselves sell them at very high price. That is why many weavers are giving up their family craft.
Many are leaving their villages to work as labourers in big cities. We need to solve this problem by helping them get a better price. Otherwise, this precious craft will be lost forever.
There are many For the teacher: places like Pochampalli in India that are famous for making special things.
These things have become famous by the name of the place where they are made, like – Kullu shawls, Madhubani paintings, Assam silk, Kashmiri embroidery etc.


Once again, everybody in Marietta’s family is quarrelling over watching the TV – just like they do every day! Marietta’s brother wants to watch a cricket match while little
Susan is eager to watch her favourite programme of song’s. Mummy and Aunty are good friends but their favourite TV programmes are different.
Mummy likes to watch the news while Aunty enjoys a TV serial. Marietta wants to watch cartoons and Daddy enjoys the football match. 
He says that he can watch TV only in the evening. Finally, everyone had to watch the football match.
Why the Difference? Why the Difference?
It is 7 o’clock in the evening. Pratibha is hurrying home from her friend’s house. Her brothers Sandeep and Sanjay are busy playing round the corner with their friends.

They are in no hurry to go home. Even if they are late, nobody will scold them. Pratibha thinks that this is not fair. Why should there be one rule for her and another for her brothers? But what can she do?
Pilloo Aunty
One day, Pilloo Aunty took Phali and Nazu and their friends to the beach. What a good time they had! They played in sand and water, and then went for a ride on the Giant wheel.
After that they ate bhelpuri and bought balloons. Then everybody enjoyed some icy cold kulfi. When the kulfi-seller asked for money, he made a mistake. He charged for five kulfis instead of seven.
The children thought, “Hurrah! We have saved money.” But Pilloo Aunty paid the money for seven kulfis to the kulfiseller.
What Should I Do? What Should I Do?
Akshay loves his grandmother very much. She loves him dearly too. She talks to him about many interesting things. Anil is Akshay’s friend. His grandmother likes Anil too, but one thing that she tells Akshay again and again is that he should never eat or drink anything at Anil’s house – not even a glass of water! “They are very different from our family,” she says.
One day there was a volleyball match in the big ground near Anil’s house. It was a hot day and everybody was tired and thirsty after the match. Anil invited everybody home.
Anil’s mother gave water to all of them, and they drank it. When Anil handed Akshay a glass of water, he suddenly remembered his grandmother’s warning. Akshay stared at Anil, not knowing what to do.
Who will Decide? Who will Decide?
Dhondu comes from a very large family. His elder uncle looks after the family – their fields, money matters, etc. He decides about all the small and big things for the family.
Dhondu has always worked in the fields. But now, he wants to do something different. He would like to borrow some money from a bank and buy a chakki machine to grind grain.
There is no such machine in their village. Dhondu is confident that this new work will help him earn more money for his family. Father has agreed to let him try the new work. But his elder uncle is not agreeing to this.
These examples reflect some situations that we face in our daily life. These often affect us in different ways.
I Don’t Like It! I Don’t Like It! Meena and Ritu were going home after playing hopscotch. 
“Come on, come to my house,” pleaded Meena, pulling Ritu by the hand.
“Is your Uncle at home? If he is, I will not come,” Ritu answered. “But why do you say that? Uncle likes you. He was saying – bring your friend Ritu home and I will give both of you lots of chocolate.”
Ritu pulled her hand away from Meena saying, “I am scared of your Uncle. I do not like it when he even touches my hand.” Saying this, Ritu went home.

Some children may have similar experiences as Ritu did. It will help to build their confidence and feeling of support, if children can discuss this in class.
In case you feel the need, you could talk individually with some of the children. If there is a counsellor in the school, you could take their help.You may be very careful and sensitive to deal with children if they wish to share problems related to drug addiction of their family members. The harmful effects of drugs/ narcotics may be discussed in the class. Such issues should also be discussed in the inservice training programmes.
It may be possible that children from such families (Drug addicted members) may fall victim to such habits/practices. A timely action needs to be taken to prevent them. On this theme, charts and posters can be prepared by the children with the support of teachers and discuss in the class.


Trring…! The doorbell rang. When Manpreet opened the door she saw Divya and Swastik there. She called out excitedly, “Gurnoor! Look who has come.” Gurnoor came running.
 When she saw her friends she hugged them happily. “When did you come from the hostel (Boarding School)?”“Just Yesterday. Where are your parents? We want to meet them,” Swastik said.
“They are at the Gurudwara. We were about to go there too,” Gurnoor replied. “Oh good, we will also come with you,” said Divya.
“You come home only in the vacations. Do you like staying in your hostel? You must be missing your parents,” Gurnoor asked.
Divya said, “We do miss them, but hostel life is fun. Even if we don’t always like the food, we enjoy eating together with all the children.”
“You know, when someone in our hostel gets home-made food, we all rush to their rooms. That food finishes within minutes,” Swastik said laughingly.
At the Gurudwara The children chatted all the way to the GurudwaraThere, they covered their heads. They went into kitchen of the Gurudwara.
It was very huge. A lot of activity was going on there. Food was being cooked in huge vessels. On one side the channa and urad dal was boiling.
In another vessel, the cauliflower and potato vegetable was being made. “There is your Papa! Gurnoor, let us go and meet him,” Swastik said.
“What are you doing here?” Manjit Singh was happy to see the children. “Uncle, can we also help in the kitchen? What are you preparing ?” Swastik asked.
Manjit Singh said, “I am preparing kadhah prasad. It takes a lot of effort to roast the flour in ghee in this big kadhai.” “This is a kind of halwa. Isn’t it? When will you add sugar in it?” Divya asked.
They saw Manpreet’s mother and rushed to meet her. Divya asked, “What are you doing Aunty ?” “Beta, we are rolling chapaties to bake them in this tandoor.”
“So many chapaties at one go!” Divya was surprised. “Can I help?” “Sure! come and try, here everyone can help, but wash your hands first,” replied Aunty.
Divya washed her hands and joined the group near the tava. The tava was very hot. She started applying ghee on the chapaties as they were being taken out of the tava.
Swastik wondered aloud, “Who brings all the material to cook so much food?” One of the ladies answered, “Everyone here contributes in some way or the other. 
Some arrange for the material, some give money, and others help in the work”. “So Swastik, how do you like it? Have you ever cooked before?” teased Manpreet. “No, but I am enjoying working with everyone, ” said Swastik. 
We hardly realised how all this food – chapaties, rice, halwa, dal and vegetable – got prepared so fast.
After ardaas, kadhah prasad was distributed. Some of the boys quickly laid out durries in the verandah and all the people sat down in rows to have langar. 
Some people served food and others served water.
Everyone ate together. After finishing food everyone picked up one’s own plate, and put it in a big drum. People who were serving, ate in the end. They cleaned the place and washed the utensils.