Sunday, November 11, 2018


1. Which of the following is not a task of Philosophy?A
(A) Speculation
(B) Description and Analysis
(C) Prescription
(D) Observation

2. Which of the following is not a unique feature of education envisaged by Swami Vivekananda?
(A) Cultivation of heart and physical strength.
(B) Residential programme of education.
(C) Intelligent productive manual labour
(D) Importance to concentrations.

3. ‘Intuitive Knowledge’ is attained through
(A) External experiences
(B) Internal experiences
(C) Both internal and external experiences
(D) Neither internal or external experiences

4. ‘The child is an integral part of the ultimate universe’ is the view point of
(A) Realism
(B) Pragmatism
(C) Existentialism
(D) Idealism
5. Which of the following is not a suited connotation for ‘Equality of educational opportunity’?
(A) A policy of open access to education to all.
(B) Equitable rationing and distribution of available resources to all.
(C) Equalisation of educational attainment by providing resources in favour of less able and less motivated group.
(D) Investing more funds on education.

6. ‘Learning in communion with nature’ was propagated by
(A) Swami Vivekananda
(B) Sri Aurobindo
C) Rabindranath Tagore
(D) Mahatma Gandhi

7. The founder of Pragmatism was
(A) John Dewey
(B) William James
(C) Kilpatrick
(D) Charles Sanders Peirce

8. Rousseau’s conception of ‘freedom’ was not accepted by
(A) Pestalozzi
(B) Jean Paul Sartre
(C) Paulo Freire
(D) John Dewey

9. “Discipline through direct consequence” was propagated by
(A) Existentialist
(B) Pragmatist
(C) Naturalist
(D) Realist

10. The School of Philosophy which upholds the primacy of ‘mind over matter’ is 
(A) Existentialism
(B) Realism
(C) Pragmatism
(D) Idealism



41. If a test measures mastery level achievement in a subject, it is known as 
(A) Criterion-referenced test 
(B) Diagnostic test 
(C) Norm-referenced test 
(D) Prognostic test

42. In an ethnographical study which of the following technique is most appropriate ? 
(A) Psychological testing 
(B) Questionnaire 
(C) Observation 
(D) Sociometry

43. The correlation between X and Y is significant. It means that 
(A) X causes variation in Y. 
(B) X and Y vary together. 
(C) Y causes variation in X. 
(D) X and Y vary independently.

44. If Q1 , Q2 and Q3 represent 1st, 2nd and 3rd quartiles respectively and Q semi intrinsic quartile then Q may be written as 
(A) Q1 – Q3 
(B) Q3 – Q1 2 
(C) Q3 + Q1 2 
(D) Q2 – Q1

45. If K is added to every score of a distribution with mean ‘M’ and standard deviation ‘s’, the new standard deviation will be 
(A) K 
(B) s 
(C) s + K 
(D) Ks

46. If each z-score of a distribution of scores is multiplied by 10 and the result increased by 50, the standard deviation of the resulting numbers would be 
(A) 50 
(B) 40 
(C) 10 
(D) 5

47. Which of the following types of test-items make a ‘supply type’ test ? 
(A) Multiple choice 
(B) Matching 
(C) Classification 
(D) Completion

48. Which of the following purposes demands Action Research ? 
(A) Developing a theory 
(B) Writing a thesis 
(C) Solving a classroom problem 
(D) Testing a theory

49. Median is also known as a. 5% point b. 50th percentile c. 2nd quartile d. 5th decile 
(A) acb 
(B) bca 
(C) bcd 
(D) cda

50. Match the following List-I with List-II.
   List-I (Type of Correlation)          List-II (Nature of Variables) 
(a) Biserial Correlation            (i) Continuous v/s continuous 
(b) Pie coefficient                    (ii) Continuous v/s Dichotomous 
(c) Point-biserial correlation   (iii) Dichotomous v/s Dichotomous 
(d) Tetrachoric correlation      (iv) Dichotomized v/s Dichotomized 
                                                 (v) Continuous v/s Dichotomized 

(A) iv i v ii
(B) v iii ii iv
(C) iii ii v ii
(D) v iv ii i



31. Two-factor theory of intelligence is given by 
(A) Alfred Binnet and L. Simon 
(B) C.E. Spearman 
(C) J.P. Guilford 
(D) L.M. Terman

32. Children whose mental age is lower than chronological age are called 
(A) Gifted children 
(B) Normal children 
(C) Learning disabled 
(D) Retarded children

33. Concepts are important vehicles in 
(A) Learning communication 
(B) Thinking processes 
(C) Motivating the learner
(D) Achievement of learner

34. The meaningful reception learning was explained by 
(A) Robert Gagne 
(B) David Ausubel 
(C) Jean Piaget 
(D) Jerom S. Bruner

35. The type of learning explained by Albert Bandura is also known as
(A) Insight learning
(B) Observational learning 
(C) Sign learning 
(D) Verbal learning

36. A child is working very hard for her examination. Her behaviour is an indicator of her 
(A) Sharp cognitive abilities 
(B) High achievement motivation 
(C) Very busy schedule 
(D) Desire to impress her parents

37. The purpose of instructional theory is 
(A) Descriptive 
(B) Instructive 
(C) Prescriptive 
(D) Evaluative

38. The quality of questions in a test is assessed by using the method of 
(A) Item Analysis 
(B) Task Analysis 
(C) Content Analysis 
(D) Trend Analysis

39. The size of a population is 100 and every 5th person is selected to form a sample. This technique of sampling is known as 
(A) Random 
(B) Stratified 
(C) Cluster 
(D) Systematic

40. The operational definition of a variable indicates as to how that variable may be 
(A) observed 
(B) described 
(C) measured 
(D) explain



21. National Reconstruction in any country should be based on
(A) improvement of adjust ability and adaptability of people.
(B) familiarizing the children with the nation’s culture and philosophy.
(C) weeding out the unsocial and unscientific practices at the top level.
(D) developing ambitious outlooks among administrator.

22. Which of the following is not an attribute of culture ?
(A) Shared
(B) Transmittable
(C) Innate
(D) Learnt

23. The Kothari Commission’s report was entitled as
(A) Education and National Development
(B) Learning to Be
(C) Diversification of Education
(D) Education and social change in Democracy.

24. Acculturation is the process of
(A) developing qualities affecting the culture of a nation.
(B) accepting the innovations required for the development of nation’s culture.
(C) being influenced by the cultural imperatives of a nation.
(D) following the latest trends of a culture as opposed to the past traditions.

25. The SUPW has been introduced in the school curriculum due to the recommendation of
(A) The Kothari Education Commission’s Report
(B) The Ishverbhai Patel Educational Review Committee
(C) The Secondary Education Commission’s Report
(D) The University Education’s Committee Report

26. For Harmonious development of the personality of the child, parents should
(A) Over-protect the child.
(B) Regularly compare the child with other children.
(C) Provide conducive environment at home.
(D) Engage qualified teachers for her.

27. During early phases of Development, Educational Psychology has drawn its content from the researches in
(A) Physical Sciences
(B) Medical Sciences
(C) Social Sciences
(D) Natural Sciences

28. Who among the following described the intellectual development as age related development ? (A) Jerome S. Bruner
(B) Jean Piaget
(C) David Ausubel
(D) Hilda Taba

29. Most important factor(s) in the development of child are
(A) Physical and moral environment of the child.
(B) Social and Economic status of the family.
(C) Educational and social status of parents.
(D) Socio-economic and intellectual environment of the child.

30. Differences in ‘Learning Styles’ among learners may be attributed to
(A) Socialisation process of learner.
(B) Thinking strategies adopted by learner.
(C) Economic conditions of the family.
(D) Parenting of the child.




11. The teacher is very much concerned with epistemology because his aim is to promote
(A) Values
(B) Truth
(C) Knowledge
(D) Skills

12. Which School of Philosophy maintains that the ‘universe is an expression of intelligence and will’ ?
(A) Pragmatism
(B) Realism
(C) Idealism
(D) Existentialism

13. “Education according to interest rather than the caste, creed, race or religion” was propagated by 

(A) Vedantic Education
(B) Islamic Education
(C) Jainistic Education
(D) Buddhistic Education

14. The major constraint of social change is
(A) caste
(B) education
(C) religion
(D) poverty

15. Modernisation of ‘educational programmes’ has posed many issues in the society. Which one of the following is not applicable ?
(A) Increasing numbers of crimes in teenagers.
(B) Increasing number of suicides in students.
(C) Misuse of media by youngsters.
(D) Reduced status of teachers.

16. Analysis of the sociological processes involved in the educational institutions could be known as
(A) Social foundations of Education
(B) Sociology of Education
(C) Educational Sociology
(D) Social Science of Education

17. According to Talcott Parson, social change deals with
(A) Spiritual upliftment
(B) Economic upliftment
(C) Cultural revolution
(D) Functional needs of the society

18. Caste system can create a
(A) closed society
(B) changing society
(C) dead society
(D) open society

19. It is often complained that there is a ‘brain drain’ in our country. The implication is that
(A) the brains of educated persons are being washed in unnecessary pursuits.
(B) students’ brains are burdened with education unnecessarily.
(C) education today is creating strain to the brains of students.
(D) educated and capable people are seeking jobs in other countries for better opportunities and economic benefits.

20. Some sociologists have given importance to the functioning factors of social interaction. These factors are concerned with
(A) the proximity and similarity of the societies
(B) the purpose and common facts of societies.
(C) the needs and past experiences of the societies.
(D) goodness, common cause and economy of the societies.


Saturday, November 10, 2018



61. Which one of the following variables is controlled in experimental research?
(A) Independent variables
(B) Moderate variables
(C) Dependent variables
(D) Extraneous variables

62. One of the tools that can be used for in-depth data collection is
(A) Test
(B) Interview
(C) Rating Scale
(D) Observation

63. Deductive reasoning helps in
(A) Sample Selection
(B) Hypothesis Generation
(C) Problem Identification
(D) None of the above

64. Which of the following Committee recommended for improvement of Teacher Education Programme?
(A) Reddy Committee
(B) Ramamurti Committee
(C) Yashpal Committtee
(D) Mehrotra Committee

65. The meaning of Universalisation of Primary Education is to provide (A) Education to all
(B) Education to all girls children
(C) Free and compulsory education to all children
(D) Free and compulsory education to the children of 6 – 14 years age

66. The rational equivalence type of reliability is determined by the method of:
(A) Test-retest
(B) Parallel Forms
(C) Split-half
(D) K-R Methods

67. Which of the following is not a correct matching?
(A) Class roll numbers – Nominal Scale
(B) Relative position in a group – Ordinal Scale
(C) Heights of cricket players – Interval Scale
(D) Weights of students – Ratio Scale

68. Learning Disability is related to
(A) Poor environment is a contributing factor to learning disability.
(B) Learning disabilities are related to mental retardation.
(C) Learning disability is related to emotional disturbance.
(D) Learning-disabled children have perceptual problems.

69. Teacher education is considered as a technical education in
(A) U.S.A.
(B) U.K.
(C) U.S.S.R.
(D) India

70. In which year IGNOU was established?
(A) 1964
(B) 1985
(C) 1992
(D) 2002

71. The pathway to liberation in Buddhism consists of
(A) two steps
(B) four steps
(C) six steps
(D) eight steps
72. A modern Indian educationist who was very much naturalist is
(A) Swami Vivekananda
(B) Rabindranath Tagore
(C) Sri Aurobindo
(D) J. Krishnamurti

73. Which of the following is not true? Liberalisation of the economy has led to
(A) steeper stratification
(B) more open social structure
(C) greater mobility
(D) greater equalisation of educational opportunity

74. What is meant by Multiple Counselling?
(A) Counselling by Professionals and Paraprofessionals
(B) Counselling given to two or a few individuals, or a small homogeneous group
(C) Counselling by Professionals, Paraprofessionals and Media
(D) Counselling given to Complex and Multiple Problems on the part of the client.

75. Match List – I with List – II with correct meaning:
             List – I                                 List – II
a. Constructivism         i. Paradigm for technology based learning 
b. Scaffolding               ii. Real world is not like studying in school 
c. situated learning      iii. That allows the students to grow in
Independence as a learner
d. Anchored Instruction iv. A view that emphasizes the active role of the learner in building understanding and making sense of information
                                        v. Learner learns the cognitive strategies and meta-cognitive skills
(A) iv ii iii v
(B) ii iii i iv
(C) iv iii ii i
(D) i ii iii v



46. The idea of Four Pillars of Education was suggested by

47. Aims of education are closely related to
(A) Metaphysics
(B) Axiology
(C) Logic
(D) Epistemology

48. The ceiling fixed by the Supreme Court for reservation for the socially and economically disadvantaged sections is
(A) 19%
(B) 22%
(C) 49%
(D) 50%

49. The first Committee to be constituted after independence by the Government of India on Women’s Education was
(A) Dr. Radhakrishnan Commission
(B) The Mudaliar Commission
(C) The Shri Sri Prakasa Committee
(D) Dr. Durgabai Deshmukh Committee

50. What type of Guidance Service is facilitated by the application of given battery of standardized objective type tests, on normal individuals?
(A) Remedial and Preventive
(B) Preventive and Developmental
(C) Developmental and Remedial
(D) General Guidance and Counselling

51. What is the most essential requirement for providing Guidance Services in schools?
(A) Guidance and Counselling Rooms
(B) Standardized Tests for Appraisal of Students
(C) Time
(D) Professionally qualified and adequately trained personnel

52. Equating through matched pairs is the method used in
(A) Survey Research
(B) Experimental Research
(C) Sociological Research
(D) Trend Research

53. Which of the following is a case of Formative Evaluation of Curriculum?
(A) Conducting an evaluation of the curriculum concerned before the course is completed.
(B) Evaluating the curriculum concerned, getting it appraised by students and teachers.
(C) Evaluating the curriculum concerned, in the middle of the course, collecting the views of students, teachers and parents and providing feedback.
(D) Evaluating the curriculum concerned by teachers based on the performance of students.

54. The teacher teaches a straight line by placing several points in a particular direction is an example of
(A) Law of proximity
(B) Law of closure
(C) Law of common direction
(D) Law of simplicity

55. A baby sucking her thumb is an example of
(A) Regression
(B) Aggression
(C) Displacement
(D) Withdrawal

56. A child who reads dog as god falls in which category of learning disability?
(A) Dyslexia
(B) Dysgraphia
(C) Dyspraxia
(D) Dysplasia

57. The two most important characteristics of a standardized test are
(A) objectivity and reliability
(B) reliability and validity
(C) reliability and usability
(D) practicability and usability

58. The qualitative judgments about a teaching media can take place through
(A) Measurement
(B) Evaluation
(C) Interpretation
(D) Description

59. Which is the universal objective of education?
(A) Liberation
(B) Total development
(C) Character
(D) Vocation

60. The main focus of educational supervision is
(A) Administration
(B) Decision making
(C) Educational services
(D) Discipline ensuring



31. Which of the following is not an example of inter-individual difference?
(A) The child is black in color.
(B) The child is fat.
(C) The child likes potato.
(D) The nose of the child is sharp.

32. Identity versus role confusion is a characteristic of
(A) Childhood stage
(B) Adolescence stage
(C) Infancy stage
(D) Early childhood stage

33. The effectiveness of a multi-media approach in teaching can be answered through
(A) Experimentation
(B) Survey
(C) Case-studies
(D) Longitudinal studies

34. In 1974-75 NCERT used Radio vision lessons, Television Discussions and Activities to train in service primary school teachers in Science. This is an example of
(A) Integrated Approach
(B) Group-oriented Approach
(C) Multi-Media Approach
(D) Team Teaching Approach

35. What is the important objective of economic planning?
(A) Planned development
(B) Eradication of poverty
(C) Total employment
(D) More per capita income

36. The system analysis relates to
(A) Input aspect
(B) Product aspect
(C) Process aspect
(D) Resource aspect

37. The control of extraneous variables in experimental research after the treatment is given can be done through a technique called
(A) Statistical Regression
(B) Post-Test
(C) One-way ANOVA
(D) Analysis of Co-variance

38. Which of the following is incorrect pairing?
(A) Product moment coefficient of correlation r
(B) Chi Square χ2
(C) Multiple correlation R
(D) Standard deviation ρ

39. A survey of population is equivalent to
(A) Census Survey
(B) Sample Survey
(C) Group Survey
(D) None of the above

40. The book “Learning – The Treasure Within” is authored b
(A) J.S. Rajput
(B) N. Bennett
(C) J. Delors
(D) J. Halak

41. Operation Black-Board Programe was introduced to improve
(A) Teacher Education
(B) Primary Education
(C) Secondary Education
(D) Higher Education

42. An investigator conducted the factor analysis of tests to be used in research. It means, he was interested in
(A) Content validity
(B) Criterion validity
(C) Construct validity
(D) Predictive validity

43. Special Education Courses are controlled by
(A) Special Education Council of India
(B) Rehabilitation Council of India
(C) National Council of Teacher Education
(D) Medical Council of India

44. Students with Hearing Impairment require
(A) Auditory Training
(B) Language Training
(C) Speech Training
(D) All the above

45. The main purpose of Navodaya Vidyalayas is to give education to 
(A) Rural talented students
(B) Urban students
(C) Girls students only
(D) Rural students

Thursday, November 8, 2018



16. A reliability coefficient cannot be negative because:
(A) It is a square of a correlation coefficient.
(B) Negative reliability is meaningless.
(C) It is a self-correlation of the test.
(D) It does not measure different things.

17. Which of the following cannot be used as a synonym of reliability? 
(A) Accuracy
(B) Precision
(C) Dependability
(D) Relevance

18. Mobility and orientation training is linked with
(A) Students with Hearing Impairment
(B) Students with Mental Retardation
(C) Students with Visual Impairment
(D) Students with Learning Disability

19. Idiots are labelled as having an IQ range of
(A) 100-125
(B) 0-25
(C) 120-160
(D) 60-90

20. National Knowledge Commission is headed by
(A) D.S. Kothari
(B) Amartya Sen
(C) Sam Pitroda
(D) Azim Premji

21. The sources of knowledge (Pramanas) in Advaita Vedanta are
(A) two
(B) three
(C) four
(D) six

22. The value commended by existentialism is
(A) liberation
(B) self-realization
(C) harmony with nature
(D) authenticity

23. When a poor rural girl hailing from a socially disadvantaged family gets scholarship for higher studies and then lands in a high paid job in a city it is not an instance of education becoming
(A) a vehicle for social mobility
(B) a tool for gender justice
(C) a vehicle for geographical mobility
(D) an instrument for social stratification

24. The policy of reservation of seats in higher education and in Government employment is an example for
(A) Sponsored mobility
(B) Contest mobility
(C) Cultural mobility
(D) Geographical mobility

25. What does the Counselor do in “Observation for Recording” and “Observation for Rating”?
I. In Observation for Recording, the Counselor acts like a versatile camera.
II. In Observation for Recording, the Counselor records everything unmindful of the distraction caused to the client.
III. In Observation for Rating, the Counselor does not observe the client while indulged in rating.
IV. In Observation for Rating, the Counselor judges and rates the brain, while still observing the client.
Choose the correct answers from the code given below :
Codes :
(A) I and IV
(B) II and III
(C) I and III
(D) III and IV

26. A face to face, informal interaction is considered the best technique for collecting information about the client and his/her problem. How? 
(A) It helps to get first hand information about the client and his/her problem.
(B) It is very easy to organise and conduct an interview with the client. 
(C) The interview can be video graphed.
(D) It is flexible and makes the client feel comfortable.

27. What is meant by the term “curriculum”?
(A) The subject of study offered by an educational institution.
(B) Theory and Practical courses to be completed to qualify for a level of education.
(C) Organised whole of learning and other experiences provided by educational institutions, to realize set goals.
(D) The prescribed syllabi in the various subjects, plus practical courses and project/ dissertation.

28. What are the uses of System Analysis, when applied to classroom instruction as a sub-system of the curriculum?
I. It helps to design classroom instruction differently.
II. It helps to assess the effectiveness of the existing instructional design. 
III. It helps the teacher to verify results and get feedback.
IV. It helps as a novel method of reviewing classroom instruction. Choose the correct answers from the code given below:
(A) III, IV and I
(B) I, II and III
(C) IV, I and II
(D) II, III and IV

29. Tests that do not require the use of language of the subjects but responses are in the form of activities are called as
(A) Verbal tests
(B) Non-verbal tests
(C) Performance tests
(D) None of the above

30. Match the following & select the correct answers from the codes given below:
List – I Psychological Test                   List – II Psychologist 
 a. Intelligence Test                    i. Rorschach
b. Interest Test                           ii. Torrance
c. Personality Test                     iii. Binet
d. Creativity Test                       iv. Strong
                                                     v. Likert
Codes : a b c d
(A) iii ii i v
(B) v ii iv iii
(C) iv iii ii i
(D) iii iv i ii



1. When the findings of an experimental research are generalized to target population, the research is said to possess
(A) Internal validity
(B) Concurrent validity
(C) External validity
(D) Predictive validity

2. Which of the following do lay the foundation for curriculum?
(A) Societal Priorities, Government and Resources
(B) Philosophy, Sociology and Psychology
(C) Study materials, Training facilities and Societal needs
(D) Psychological bases of Education

3. Which of the following is an example of Summative Evaluation for Standard IX?
(A) Quarterly Examination
(B) Half-yearly Examination
(C) Annual examination
(D) Mid-Term Tests

4. Multiple choice question is an example of which of the following method of studying the process of remembering and forgetting?
(A) Recall
(B) Re-learning
(C) Recognition
(D) Reconstruction

5. The concept of advance organised was developed by
(A) Bruner
(B) Ausubel
(C) Erikson
(D) Kohlberg

6. Strong’s Vocational Interest Blank Test consists of
(A) 100 items
(B) 200 items
(C) 300 items
(D) 400 items

7. Which of the following correct order comes under Maslow’s hierarchy of needs?
(A) Self actualization, safety, love, esteem
(B) Physiological need, self actualization, esteem, safety
(C) Physiological need, safety, love, esteem
(D) Physiological need, esteem, self actualization, love

8. The Web.2 technologies which are helping in acquiring multiple knowledge are:
(A) U-Tube
(B) Face Book
(C) Wikipedia
(D) All the above

9. The word cybernetics was first used by
(A) Norbert Wiener
(B) Claude E. Shannan
(C) Warren Weaver Model
(D) Aristotle

10. Education does not include the following resources
(A) Human resources
(B) Material resources
(C) Water resources
(D) Financial resources

11. Phenomenology is a method basically used in
(A) Educational research
(B) Philosophical research
(C) Historical research
(D) Experimental research

12. The status-quo of a situation in research can be studied through:
(A) Experimental research
(B) Survey research
(C) Historical research
(D) Phenomenological research

13. Which of the following is incorrect as a measure of dispersion?
(A) Quartile Deviation
(B) Range
(C) Standard Deviation
(D) Sampling Error

14. Selection Test for admission to teacher training program was suggested by

15. NCTE was established by an act of Parliament in
(A) 1975
(B) 1995
(C) 1996
(D) 1986

Wednesday, November 7, 2018


31. The most ascetic School of Indian Philosophy is
(A) Buddhism
(B) Jainism
(C) Vedanta
(D) Sankhya

32. The number of Savants [Thirthankaras] in the Jain tradition is
(A) 10
(B) infinite
(C) 24
(D) 100

33. ‘Vinaya Pitaka’ deals with
(A) rules of conduct for the Buddhist Samga
(B) rules for polite behaviour for Jain monks
(C) rules for polite behaviour for Hindu Sannyasins
(D) Emperor Ashoka’s Edicts

34. Which one of the following is the stable measure of dispersion?
(A) Range
(B) Quartile Deviation
(C) Average Deviation
(D) Standard Deviation

35. The method of drawing conclusions based on the observation of each and every instance of a population is called
(A) Scientific Method
(B) Deductive Method
(C) Inductive Method
(D) Dialectic Method

36. Positivistic research approach was advocated by
(A) Francis Bacon
(B) Stanley & Compbell
(C) Auguste Comte
(D) Babbit

37. Something written in a holy book is held to be true by readers. This method of acquiring knowledge is termed as the method of
(A) Tenacity
(B) Authority
(C) Intuition
(D) Science

38. A class teacher administered Thematic Apperception Test to a group of students to assess their
(A) Achievement
(B) Awareness
(C) Personality
(D) Attitude

39. A class teacher asked all his students to take a test only as and when each one of them mastered the theory of Gravitation. This is an example of
(A) Norm Referenced Test
(B) Feasibility Test
(C) Summative Test
(D) Criterion Referenced Test

40. When a non-directional hypothesis is stated, the test of significance would be
(A) One tailed
(B) Two tailed
(C) Both (A) and (B)
(D) None of the above

41. The critical difference between naturalism and pragmatism is in the importance accorded to
(A) aims
(B) methods
(C) social context
(D) evaluation

42. What are the checks and balances available in society for regulating social behavior of people?
I. Mores, Folkways and Institutions
II. Enacted Laws and Punishments
III. Meditation and Prayer
IV. Reading religious books Choose the correct answers from the codes given below:
(A) I and II
(B) II and III
(C) III and IV
(D) IV and I

43. What is meant by ‘Culture’?
(A) Complex whole of what man has achieved as being a member of the society.
(B) Sophistication in dress, food, etc.
(C) Civilization marked by the use of modern electric home appliances 
(D) Using of computers, mobile phones, internet, etc.

44. What is the objective of the Integrated Child Development services? 
I. Improving nutrition and health status of children up to 6 years.
II. Reducing child mortality rate in the country.
III. Providing quality primary education to children.
IV. Providing healthcare centers to take care of children’s health. Choose the correct answers from the codes given below :
(A) I and II
(B) II and III
(C) III and IV
(D) IV and I

Read the passage and answer from question Nos. 45 to 50: “Everyday, day after day, we see men and animals dying. But each man thinks he is going to live on forever. What can be more surprising than this?” So goes a passage in the Mahabharata. All religions are attempts to help man come to terms with death. Swami Vivekananda said, ‘so long as death is there religion will be there’. However, it is common knowledge that very pious people are as much afraid of death as the no so pious. Gal Bellow, a Nobel Laureate in literature said, “The tragedy of civilization consists in the refusal of the doomed creature to die.” Jostling for space in the annals of history is an attempt to grapple with mortality. However, Norman O. Brown in his scholarly treatise, ‘Life against Death : A Psychoanalytic Interpretation of History’ concludes that the survival of mankind into the future urgently requires that we cultivate in every oncoming generation a consciousness that is willing and ready to die. This is squarely a challenge for educational research. We must develop a curriculum that will enable every individual follow the ebb and flow of the clan vital in the parabola of the life cycle, savour the joys of sex in the waxing phase of the parabola and mellow with it in the waning phase.

45. According to the Mahabharata what is most surprising?
(A) People dying
(B) Animals dying
(C) Animals and people living
(D) Failure to accept death is inevitable for everyone

46. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
(A) Religions attempt to help us accept death.
(B) Religions attempt to help us to live properly and die properly.
(C) Religions succeed in helping everyone of their followers to accept death when the time comes.
(D) Death is there only because of religion.

47. The tragedy of civilization consists in
(A) death
(B) facilitates that increase life expectancy
(C) increase in population
(D) desire of human beings to live on forever

48. “Jostling for space in the annals of history” means:
(A) struggling for lasting frame
(B) writing history books
(C) trying to get into spacecrafts
(D) trying to become a wrestler

49. What do you think Norman O. Brown’s book is about ?
(A) Life
(B) Death
(C) History
(D) Struggle between life and death

50. The essential message of this passage is best expressed as
(A) Celebration of living
(B) Celebration of dying
(C) Parabola of the life cycle
(D) Learning-to-Be and Not-to-Be


16. ‘Coherence’ is the criterion of truth is
(A) Existentialism
(B) Idealism
(C) Marxism
(D) Naturalism

17. ‘Metaphysics’ means
(A) a branch of Physics
(B) exploring the nature of ultimate reality
(C) Physics of metals
(D) Physics of weather

18. The two basic divisions in Schools of Indian Philosophy are
(A) Vedanta and Buddhism
(B) Advaita and Dwaita
(C) Theistic and Atheistic
(D) Orthodox and Heterodox

19. The ultimate goal of education in Jainism is
(A) Non-violence
(B) Renunciation
(C) Liberation
(D) Philanthropy

20. The ceremony of initiation of education in Buddhism is called
(A) Vidyarambam
(B) Upanayanam
(C) Pabajja
(D) Uparampada

21. Researcher intends to ascertain the attitude of adolescents towards modernization, which one of the following tools is an appropriate one? 
(A) Projective Technique
(B) Interview
(C) Likert Scale
(D) Sociometry

22. Which of the following is incorrect as a measure of dispersion?
(A) Quartile Deviation
(B) Range
(C) Standard Deviation
(D) Sampling Error

23. A researcher prepared a report based on the interviews of 25 people. Under which category, this research can be placed?
(A) Quantitative
(B) Qualitative
(C) Historical
(D) Scientific

24. The Right to Education Act recently passed by our Parliament is an extension of the following article of our Constitution
(A) 13
(B) 15
(C) 45
(D) 55

25. Which of the following are essentially required on the part of the teacher for developing intercultural understanding in children?
I. Possession of knowledge of various cultures and subcultures.
II. Being progressive and open-minded
III. Being pious and religious
IV. Classroom communication skills choose the correct answers from the given options.
Codes :
(A) I and II
(B) II and III
(C) III and IV
(D) IV and I

26. What is the striking contrast between “acclimatization” and “naturalization”?
I. Acclimatization is adjusting to the external environment.
II. Acclimatization is changing the room temperature and air circulation using appliances.
III. Naturalization is change of attitude as required by the new context. 
IV. Acclimatization is external and Naturalization is internal. Choose the correct answers from the given options.
(A) I, II and III
(B) II, III and IV
(C) III, IV and I
(D) IV, I and II

27. Introspection method lacks in
(A) Reliability
(B) Validity
(C) Objectivity
(D) All the above three

28. Which of the following thinkers said ‘Literacy itself is not education, literacy is only a means to education’?
(A) J. Krishnamurti
(B) Swami Vivekananda
(C) Sri Aurobindo
(D) Mahatma Gandhi

29. Which teaching method was evolved by Naturalism?
(A) Heuristic Method
(B) Play way Method
(C) Scientific Method
(D) Project Method

30. Choose the correct or the best answer among the following: ‘Philosophy’ means
(A) Consoling oneself while facing disappointments in life.
(B) A form of religion.
(C) Attempt to find answer to fundamental and ultimate questions.
(D) Sophisticated arguments.


1. A common feature of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism is belief about
(A) the unreality of the world
(B) the existence of God
(C) the soul
(D) karma and rebirth

2. ‘Epistemology’ means
(A) stem cell research
(B) study of the nature of knowledge
(C) study of the nature of values
(D) study of the nature of the world

3. In Indian Philosophy ‘pramana’ means
(A) oath
(B) measurement
(C) assurance
(D) source of knowledge
4. Which of the following is the source material about the Jain way of life ?
(A) Dhammapada
(B) Karma Kanda
(C) Tripitaka
(D) Tri-ratna

5. The Schools of Vedanta are
(A) Dharma, Artha and Moksa
(B) Advaita, Dwaita and Visishtadvaita
(C) Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism
(D) the orthodox and the heterodox

6. A researcher is interested in studying the flood victims. Which one of the following is a suitable sample selection method?
(A) Random Sampling
(B) Stratified Sampling
(C) Systematic Sampling
(D) Purposive Sampling

7. Match the Measurement Scales in List – I which can be used with appropriate Statistics in List – II :
               List – I                          List – II
a. Nominal Scales                  i. Geometric Mean
b. Ordinal Scales                   ii. Frequency Distribution
c. Interval Scales                   iii. Median & Rank Correlation
d. Ratio Scales                       iv. Mean, SD & Correlations
(A) iv iii ii i
(B) i iii ii iv
(C) ii iii iv i
(D) i iv iii ii

8. Which one of the following tests can be used to examine the differences in Mathematics achievement of boys and girls ?
(A) Correlational Test
(B) ‘t’ Test
(C) Chi-square Test
(D) Anova

9. There is a significant positive correlation between variables X and Y. This means that :
(A) X causes variation in Y.
(B) Y causes variation in X.
(C) X and Y vary together in opposite directions.
(D) X and Y vary together in the same direction.

10. “Education and Society are two mutually supporting systems, interconnected, that one cannot thrive in the absence of the other.” What is the reason?
(A) Education sustains society, preserves culture, ushers in new one and inculcates values.
(B) Education helps to do away with social divisions and produces leaders for governance.
(C) Education makes people self employable/employable.
(D) Education modernizes and makes society civilized.

11. ‘Alienation’ as a widespread social problem was first highlighted by 
(A) Idealism
(B) Pragmatism
(C) Marxism
(D) Realism

12. What is the subject matter of Educational Sociology?
I. Social Processes and Social Change
II. Social Behavior and Social Control
III. Social Institutions and Social Problems
IV. Legislature, Executive and Judiciary
Codes :
(A) I, II and III
(B) IV, I and II
(C) III, IV and I
(D) II, III and IV

13. What was the purpose of introducing the noon-meal scheme in primary schools?
(A) To keep primary teachers engaged.
(B) To increase enrollment in primary schools.
(C) To provide employment to cooks.
(D) To provide one square meal to children every day.

14. What does the term ‘Socialization” refer to?
(A) Participating in social service activities.
(B) Process of interaction among members of the society and transmitting values.
(C) Instructions given to people through mass media to keep society free from corruption.
(D) Advising people to bring up their children as socially responsible beings.

15. ‘Hinayana’ is the name of which School of Buddhism?
(A) Theravada
(B) Vajrayana
(C) Tantric
(D) Esoteric



41. Xerophthalmia is a result of insufficient amount of
(A) Vitamin C
(B) Vitamin B
(C) Vitamin D
(D) Vitamin A

42. Which of the following cannot be achieved by using objective test items?
(A) Problem solving ability
(B) High degree of reliability
(C) Objectivity in scoring
(D) Wide content coverage

43. Internship Programme of teacher education provides
(A) Content courses
(B) Practical courses
(C) Complete school environment
(D) Research courses

44. The first National Policy on Education in free India was launched in the year
(A) 1947
(B) 1964
(C) 1968
(D) 1986

45. MMPI is associated with
(A) Intelligence
(B) Creativity
(C) Personality
(D) Mental Age

46. Why is the Interview considered the best tool for assessing the gravity of the client’s problem?
(A) The face to face contact between the counselor and the counsellee is known as the counselling interview.
(B) It helps to get first hand information about the client and his/her problem.
(C) It is very easy to organise and conduct an interview with the client. 
(D) The interview can be video graphed.

47. Modernization is a type of social change in which society becomes 
(A) more open
(B) more stratsified
(C) less orderly
(D) more closed

48. In which country the first open university was established in the world?
(A) U.S.A.
(B) U.K.
(C) India
(D) Australia

49. Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation in school education was started by

50. Syntactic abilities referred to
(A) Ability to make sentence structure
(B) Ability for spell well
(C) Ability to visualize sentences
(D) Ability to hear well

51. Phenomenological Research is a
(A) Qualitative Research
(B) Quantitative Research
(C) Trend Research
(D) Descriptive Research

52. Which one of the following is not a type of Descriptive Research method ?
(A) Correlational
(B) Causal Comparative
(C) Survey
(D) Developmental study

53. What are the determinants of “Objectives” in the development of a curriculum for the secondary level?
I. Socio-psychological needs of the individuals of the level concerned. 
II. Economic needs of the society.
III. Thrust area at the time of curriculum development.
IV. National aims of secondary level of education. Choose the correct answer from the given codes :
Codes :
(A) I, II and IV
(B) II, III and IV
(C) I, III and IV
(D) I, II and III

54. ‘Learning at one’s own pace’ is a special feature of
(A) Teacher-centered method
(B) Programmed instruction method
(C) Learner-centered method
(D) Activity-centered method

55. Cost-benefit analysis is the
(A) Objective
(B) Approach
(C) Characteristic
(D) Function

56. The need for measuring intelligence of children emerged out of
(A) Concern for helping slow learners
(B) Requirement of good army officers
(C) Social pressures regarding talent development
(D) Scarcity of funds for constructing new schools

57. The knowledge of educational psychology mostly helps the teacher to
(A) decide general aims of education
(B) write specific instructional objectives
(C) choose right instructional approach
(D) device good evaluation methods

58. The child who reads numbers wrongly has the following learning disability:
(A) Dyscrasia
(B) Dyslexia
(C) Dyspepsia
(D) Dyscalculia

59. The process of assigning numerals to objects according to some rules is termed as
(A) Observation
(B) Measurement
(C) Analysis
(D) Statistics

60. According to 2011 Census, the overall literacy rate in India is about 
(A) 64%
(B) 72%
(C) 74%
(D) 82%

61. A less experienced learner acquires knowledge and skills under the guidance of an expert is a concept of
(A) Constructivism
(B) Scaffolding
(C) Situated Learning
(D) Cognitive Apprenticeship

62. The conscious ego is one of the elements of personality given by the Psychologist
(A) Freud
(B) Jung
(C) Adler
(D) Allport

63. Which of the following add to the resourcefulness of a practitioner of Guidance?
I. Scholarship and Accessibility
II. Qualification and punctuality
III. The skill of listening and face reading
IV. Empathy Choose the correct answer from the given codes :
Codes :
(A) I and II
(B) II and III
(C) III and IV
(D) IV and I

64. Education leading to unemployment is an example for
(A) Normative social change
(B) Descriptive social change
(C) Dysfunctional social change
(D) Synchronic social change

65. First open university in India was established in the year
(A) 1961
(B) 1982
(C) 1985
(D) 2001

66. Inclusive Education refers to
(A) Special teaching to disabled students
(B) Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
(C) Equal educational opportunities to disabled and normal students
(D) Special education in special schools

67. Reading-disability in primary grades develops feelings of
(A) Adjustment
(B) Security
(C) Insecurity
(D) Peer Affection

68. While conducting experimental research a researcher should control the
(A) Independent variables
(B) Dependent variables
(C) No variables
(D) Extraneous variables
69. ‘Subject Mortality’ leads to internal invalidity of
(A) Historical Research
(B) Experimental Research
(C) Descriptive Research
(D) Philosophical Research

70. What are the guidelines for organizing the content in a subject curriculum?
I. Year by year description of content.
II. Place by place description of content.
III. Linear or spiral form of expansion of content.
IV. Degree of importance-wise of the content. Choose the correct answer from the given codes:
Codes :
(A) I and II
(B) II and III
(C) III and IV
(D) IV and I

Paraphrasing Read the following passage and answer questions 71 to 75: Dr. Johnson described sleep as a ‘gentle tyrant’. ‘Sleep’ is a tyrant because nobody can escape its regimen; ‘gentle’ because there is some flexibility …of course, within limits … in the distribution of the hours of sleeping and being awake. We go to sleep way 15 to 16 hours; and sleep for about 8 hours in a 24 hours cycle. The outer limit for keeping sleep at bay for the average individual is 72 hours. An average individual cannot keep continuously awake for more than 72 hours. Of course, there have been exceptional individuals like the tyrant Napoleon and Arjuna. ‘Sleep’ and ‘Education’ are intimate enemies. Most often they go together but they always work against each other. Often students lose sleep thanks to fear of failing in the examinations. However, when they sit down to study sleep overpower them. Is it possible to develop and impart education about sleep ? Has anybody successfully done it ? What should be the aims of education vis-à-vis sleep? What are the best agencies for imparting education about sleep? What should be a curriculum for sleep education be like? There is urgent need for research in this area.

71. Sleep is described as a ‘gentle tyrant’ because
(A) nobody can escape sleep.
(B) everybody has to sleep
(C) we need a comfortable environment for sleeping.
(D) there is some flexibility within limits for the distribution of sleeping hours.

72. The longest duration an individual can remain awake is
(A) 24 hours
(B) 16 hours
(C) 8 hours
(D) 72 hours

73. ‘Gentle Tyrant’ refers to
(A) Arjuna
(B) Sleep
(C) Napoleon
(D) Dr. Johnson

74. ‘Sleep’ and ‘Education’ are described as ‘intimate enemies’ because 
(A) they go together.
(B) they work against each other.
(C) education cannot conquer sleep.
(D) they are together but work against each other.

75. The most suitable title for this passage would be
(A) Sleep : A Gentle Tyrant
(B) Dr. Johnson’s Idea on sleep
(C) Education for Sleep
(D) Sleep and Education : Intimate Enemies