Sunday, December 11, 2016

PHILOSOPHY AND PRACTICES OF EDUCATION IN INDIA - 5


PHILOSOPHY AND PRACTICES OF EDUCATION IN INDIA - 4


PHILOSOPHY AND PRACTICES OF EDUCATION IN INDIA - 3


PHILOSOPHY AND PRACTICES OF EDUCATION IN INDIA - 2


PHILOSOPHY AND PRACTICES OF EDUCATION IN INDIA-1


Science & Technology - 2


Science & Technology-1


Education Policy and Budgetary Allocation-2


Education Policy and Budgetary Allocation-1


Developmental Milestone-2


Education Policy and Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan


Education Policy : Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan


Developmental Milestone


Sunday, August 28, 2016

NET/EDUCATION JUNE 2012-SOLVED PAPER-III PRACTICE BITS-(1-10)


1. Which of the following description of a classroom best illustrates the use of technology in teaching and learning ?
(A) Classroom well decorated with pictures, charts and maps.
(B) Classroom provided with PC and CCTV connections.
(C) Classroom provided with electric supply for using gadgets.
(D) Both (A) and (B).

2. “Reverse the usual practice and you will almost always do right” was the dictum of
(A) Plato
(B) Rousseau
(C) Mahatma Gandhi
(D) Dewey

3. The coefficient of correlation lies from
(A) +1 to –1 (B) 0 to –1
(C) –1 to 0 (D) +1 to 0

4. Which of the following statements is true for the relationship between reliability and validity of a research tool ?
(A) A reliable test is always valid.
(B) A valid test must be reliable.
(C) A valid test may not be reliable.
(D) A reliable test is never valid.

5. Who is the exponent of experience centered curriculum ?
(A) Froebel (B) John Dewey
(C) Stevenson (D) Parker

6. Match the items of List – I with
List – II and select the correct
matching from the given options :
List – I                                                    List – II
(a) Learning by doing                  (i) Naturalism
(b) No lofty educational aims      (ii) Idealists
(c) Realization of truth, beauty and goodness
                                                       (iii) Pragmatism
(d) ‘World as it is here and now’
(iv) Realists
(v) Existentialism
Codes :
a b c d
(A) iii i ii iv
(B) i v ii iv
(C) iii i v ii
(D) ii iii iv v

7. The title of the Report of Education Commission (1964-66) is
(A) Learning without Burden
(B) An Enlightened and Humane Society
(C) Education and the People of India
(D) Education and National Development

8. Reorganize the following steps of Descriptive Research in a correct sequence :
1. Collection and processing of data
2. Interpretation of results
3. Identification of a problem
4. Arranging of generalizations
5. Drafting of the report
6. Formulation of the hypothesis
(A) 6, 3, 1, 2, 4, 5
(B) 6, 3, 1, 5, 2, 4
(C) 3, 6, 1, 5, 2, 4
(D) 3, 6, 1, 2, 4, 5

9. Which of the following was Ottway’s view on “Education and Social Change” ?
(A) Education changes the society
(B) Educational change follows social change
(C) Educational change and social change are independent of one another.
(D) Educational change and social change are interdependent, but which is the cause and which is the effect can’t be determined.

10. Which of the following is not a characteristic of modernization ?
(A) Religious faith
(B) Participation
(C) Empathy
(D) Mobility

NET/EDUCATION JUNE 2012-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(41-50)


41. Read the following statements about field studies :
I. A field study is conducted in a real life setting.
II. It effectively uses scientific method.
Which of the following is true ?
(A) I is correct, but II is not.
(B) II is correct, but (I) is not.
(C) Both I and II are true.
(D) None of the two is true.

42. Read the following :
I. Correlation coefficient may be negative as well as positive.
II. Reliability of a test can be negative.
Which of the following is correct ?
(A) I is wrong, but II is correct.
(B) Both I and II are correct.
(C) I is correct, but II is wrong.
(D) Both I and II are wrong.

43. Which of the following is not correctly matched ?
(A) Test-Retest : Stability
(B) Split-Half : Internal consistency
(C) KR-20 : Stability
(D) Parallel Form : Equivalence

44. Read the following two lists of items :
List – I List – II
(a) Intelligence (1) Alfred Binet
(b) Attitude (2) L.L. Thurstone
(c) Projective Techniques (3) Rorschach
(d) Semantic Differential (4) Osgood
(5) Guilford
Which of the following is the correct matching ?
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) 4 3 2 5
(B) 2 4 3 1
(C) 5 2 1 4
(D) 1 2 3 4

45. Which of the following is NOT a measure of dispersion ?
(A) Range
(B) Mode
(C) Mean Deviation
(D) Standard Deviation

46. The variance reflecting a systematic difference between groups of measures is termed as
(A) Total Variance
(B) Error Variance
(C) Experimental Variance
(D) Within Groups Variance

47. The difference between a statistical average based on the entire population
and the one based on a sample is known as
(A) Standard Error
(B) Mean Difference
(C) Sampling Error
(D) Mean Deviation

48. The standard deviation of sampling distribution of a statistic is known as
(A) Sampling Variance
(B) Standard Error
(C) Sampling Error
(D) Standard Variance

49. In the process of statistical inference, the Type II Error is committed when we
(A) Accept a true null hypothesis
(B) Reject a true null hypothesis
(C) Reject a false null hypothesis
(D) Accept a false null hypothesis

50. If a researchers conducts a research on finding out which administrative style contributes more to institutional effectiveness. This will be an example of
(A) Basic Research
(B) Action Research
(C) Applied Research
(D) Fundamental Research

NET/EDUCATION JUNE 2012-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(31-40)


31. The Rorschach Inkblot-Test consists of
(A) Five black and five colored cards
(B) Ten black and ten white cards
(C) Five black & white and five multicolored cards
(D) Ten multicolored cards

32. If Ram is taller than Mohan and Mohan is taller than Sohan, Ram is the tallest. This statement comes under which type of reasoning ?
(A) Inductive Reasoning
(B) Deductive Reasoning
(C) Linear Reasoning
(D) Conditioned Reasoning

33. Name of different psychological theories are given in List – I and name of psychologists who were the exponent of the theory are given in List – II. Match the correct name of the psychologists with the theories developed by them :
List – I                                         List – II
(a) Theory of Instinct               (i) M.C. Dougal
(b) Drive Reduction Theory    (ii) Hall
(c) Social urges Theory           (iii) Adler
(d) Self Actualization Theory  (iv) Maslow
(v) Freud
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) (i) (iii) (iv) (ii)
(B) (v) (iv) (i) (ii)
(C) (i) (v) (ii) (iv)

(D) (i) (v) (ii) (iv) 

34. Which one of the statement is incorrect in the context of determinants of attention ?
(A) All types of stimuli are not able to bring forth the same degree of attention.
(B) It is always better to introduce novelty to secure attention.
(C) Moving stimulus catches our attention quickly.
(D) Too much repetition of a stimulus captures our attention.
35. In the conditioning approach to learning :
(A) The subject should be in readiness to receive the unnatural stimulus.
(B) The unnatural stimulus follows the natural stimulus.
(C) Response to natural stimulus required to be reinforced.
(D) The natural stimulus follows the unnatural stimulus.

36. If a group of children learns a lot of arithmetic skills by way of completing a project on ‘Celebration of Deepawali festival’. This will be known as a kind of
(A) Incidental learning
(B) Formal learning
(C) Informal learning
(D) Non-formal learning

37. Which of the following is a method of qualitative research ?
(A) Experimental research
(B) Normative Survey
(C) Ethnomethodology
(D) Ex-post factor Research

38. Which of the following is not common to experimental and Ex-post Facto designs of research ?
(A) Cause and Effect relationship
(B) Manipulation of independent variable
(C) Controlling extraneous variables
(D) Observation of dependent variable

39. An operational definition of a construct is the one which defines it in terms of
(A) Other constructs
(B) Implied behaviour pattern
(C) Activities necessary to measure it
(D) Other equivalent words in the dictionary

40. Which of the following is not a characteristic feature of research process ?
(A) Empirical approach
(B) Systematic endeavor
(C) Uncontrolled conditions
(D) Critical analysis

NET/EDUCATION JUNE 2012-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(21-30)

NET/EDUCATION JUNE 2012-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(21-30)


21. Which of the following is not a factor for social change in India ?
 (A) Caste
 (B) Regionalism
 (C) Language
 (D) Census

22. Religion acts as a great barrier in social change because
 (A) It preaches values
 (B) It depends on social gathering
 (C) It expects participation of all age groups
 (D) It is based on faith

23. Equality of Educational opportunities is possible by
 (A) Extending portals of educational institutions to all without any discrimination
 (B) Opening more educational institutions
 (C) Privatizing the education system in the country
 (D) Public funding of Education

24. Children of some minority communities are unable to fully participate in Indian educational institutions because
 (A) Minority communities have not been spending on education of their children.
 (B) There is exclusion process in educational institutions.
 (C) Minority communities lack faith in Indian education system.
 (D) Indian educational institutions do not have required infrastructure.

25. “Give me a dozen of healthy children I can make them Doctor, Judge, Beggar and even a Thief” – Comment made by
 (A) J.B. Watson
 (B) Hull
 (C) Jung
 (D) Guthrie

26. Which doesn't belong to the group of the other three ?
 (A) Operant Conditioning Theory of Learning
 (B) Classical Conditioning Theory of Pavlov
 (C) Learning Theory of Watson
 (D) Guthrie’s Theory of Learning

27. The view that “Anything can be taught at any stage of development” was expressed by
 (A) Piaget
 (B) Asubel
 (C) Bruner
 (D) Gagne

28. The IQ of a 25 years old boy, whose mental age 16 will be
 (A) 64
 (B) 75
 (C) 80
 (D) 100

29. Which of the following is an incorrect pair ?
(A) Sign Theory of Learning – Tolman
(B) Field Theory of Learning – Lewin
(C) social Learning Theory – Bruner
(D) Trial and Error Theory of Learning – Thorndike

30. Critically judge the following :
Assertion (A) : Pleasure or displeasure resulting from a learning experience decides the degree of its effectiveness.
 Reason (R) : All pleasant experiences have a lasting influence and are remembered for a long-time while the unpleasant ones are soon forgetten.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct and
(R) is the correct explanation for (A).
 (B) Only (R) is correct.
 (C) Both (A) and (R) are incorrect.

 (D) Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is not the correct explanation for (A).


Sunday, June 5, 2016

NET/EDUCATION JUNE 2012-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(11-20)



NET/EDUCATION JUNE 2012-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(11-20)

11. Which part of Indian Constitution allows every citizen to impart education as per ones own religion ?
(A) Directive Principles
(B) Concurrent list of centre and the States
(C) Democratic rights
(D) Fundamental Rights


12. Who is not in favour of logical analysis ?
(A) Kant
(B) Bertrand Russel
(C) Ludwig Wittgenstein
(D) G.E. Moore


13. The great sociologist who held the view that “education doesn’t bring
about social change; rather the social change results into an educational change” was
(A) McDougal
(B) Aristotle
(C) Durkheim
(D) Dewey


14. Why is school considered a miniature society ?
(A) Though small in number, school inmates come from society only
(B) School children are of lower age group than society members
(C) Like a chicken develops into an adult, school children develop into adult society members
(D) The number of school inmates is less than the number of society members

15. Why is mother regarded as the first teacher of a child ?
I. The basic learning of the child occurs in the company of mother only.
II. Informal learning of the child with the mother is more effective than the formal learning in later years of life.
III. The child lives in the womb of the mother for 9 months.
IV. The mother tries to impart her best to the child.
(A) All the above four statements are correct.
(B) Only statements II and III are correct.
(C) Only statements II and IV are correct.
(D) Only statements I and II are correct.


16. By community we mean a group of people with
(A) Same caste, class, religion or profession
(B) People with similar aim
(C) Similar aim and at least one factor as common among caste, class, religion, profession or belief
(D) None of the above


17. Teaching Political Science to learners helps in
I. Developing leadership skills in them.
II. Developing political consciousness among them.
III. Inculcating democratic values in them.
IV. Developing awareness about social issues in them.
(A) All the above statements are correct.
(B) Only statements I, II and III are correct.
(C) Only statements II, III and IV are correct.
(D) Only statements, I, II and IV are correct.


18. Religion is an institution because

(A) It teaches religion to people
(B) It discharges an important social function
(C) It imparts moral and spiritual education to people
(D) It gives respect to the individual in society.


19. Which of the following mobility is not related to modernization ?
(A) Psychic mobility
(B) Scientific mobility
(C) Social mobility
(D) Physical mobility


20. Teaching how to respect elders and talk to them is an example of
(A) Social cohesion
(B) Social change
(C) Socialization
(D) Social adjustment

THANK YOU,
NANDITHA AKUNURI,
Dr.A.C.V. RAMA KUMARA


NET/EDUCATION JUNE 2012-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(1-10)

NET/EDUCATION JUNE 2012-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(1-10)

1. Match the following :
         List – I                                 List – II
(Characteristic)                        (Philosophy)
I. Learning by doing                       1. Naturalism
II. Education through Environment 2. Idealism
III. Realization of truth, beauty and goodness 3. Pragmatism
IV. “World as it is here and now” 4. Realism
                                                     5. Existentialism
(A) 3 1 2 4
(B) 1 4 2 3
(C) 1 3 2 4
(D) 3 2 4 5

2. “No disinterested pursuit of knowledge and no intellectual education for its own sake” was the slogan of the
(A) Realists
(B) Idealists
(C) Pragmatists
(D) Naturalists

3. Critically judge the following :
Assertion (A) : Marx advocated the creation of a classless society.
Reason (R) : There are too many classes which are struggling with each other.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are false.
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true.
(C) Only (A) is true.
(D) Only (R) is true.

4. The process of attaining one’s existence as per existentialism is
(A) Essence, struggle, pain and pleasure, lonliness
(B) Lonliness, pain and pleasure, struggle, essence
(C) Lonliness, struggle, pain and pleasure, essence
(D) Essence, pain and pleasure, struggle, lonliness

5. Which philosophy says “Do not care to know various theories about God and Soul; do good and be good; that will take you to whatever truth there is” ?
(A) Sankhya
(B) Buddhism
(C) Vedanta
(D) Jainism

6. Critically judge the following :
Assertion (A) : There is nothing wrong in getting attached to Maya.
Reason (R) : Though opposite to Brahma, Maya has been created by Brahma only.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct.
(B) Both (A) and (R) are incorrect.
(C) Only (A) is correct.
(D) Only (R) is correct.

7. Which statement/s is/are true as per Buddhist philosophy ?
I. Maya is root cause of all troubles.
II. Sorrow is the root cause of all troubles.
III. Birth and death are causes of troubles.
IV. Getting involved in worldly pursuits is the cause of all troubles.
(A) All I, II, III and IV are true.
(B) Only I and II are true.
(C) Only II and III are true.
(D) Only II, III and IV are true.

8. Which philosophy developed the monitorial system in classrooms ?
(A) Vedic
(B) Vedant
(C) Islam
(D) Buddhism

9. Match the following :
   List – I                                      List – II
(Thinker)                              (Type of Education)
I. Gandhi                     1. Shantiniketan
II. Tagore                    2. Integral Yoga
III. Aurbindo              3. Gurukul
IV. Vivekananda        4. Man making education
                                     5. Wardha Scheme
(A) 5 1 2 4
(B) 5 1 4 2
(C) 3 4 2 5
(D) 4 2 3 5

10. The aim of basic education, as per the dream of Gandhiji is to
I. Create a classless society
II. Create a Sarvodaya Society
III. Create a society respecting all religions
IV. Create a society where a rich and poor can live together
(A) All I, II, III and IV are correct.
(B) Statements I, II and III are correct.
(C) Statements II, III and IV are correct.
(D) Statements I, II and IV are correct.

THANK YOU,

NET/EDUCATION DECEMBER 2011-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(41-50)

NET/EDUCATION DECEMBER 2011-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(41-50)

41. To test significance of difference between two means, t-test can be used only when
(A) Scale of measurement is nominal.
(B) Scale of measurement is interval and distribution is not badly skewed.
(C) Scale of measurement is ordinal and distribution is normal.
(D) Scale of measurement is interval and badly distribution is skewed.
42. If the only hypothesis of a study were to see the effect of a method on the performance of 8 year olds and 10 year olds, what type of research would it be ? 

(A) Experimental
(B) Ex Post Facto
(C) Causal comparative
(D) Correlational study

43. A test manual gives detailed information about reliability, validity and percentiles. This is a part of
(A) Descriptive statistics
(B) Inferential statistics
(C) Descriptive and inferential statistics
(D) None of the above

44. From the List-I match the statements given in List-II. 
            List-I                         List-II 
(i) Research for analysis       1. Fundamental Research 
(ii) Research for solution by the user 2. Applied Research 
(iii) Research for theory construction 3. Evaluative Research 
4. Action Research 
(A) 1 3 2
(B) 3 4 1
(C) 3 4 2
(D) 3 1 4

45. Which one of the following is a necessary condition to use ‘r’ (product moment correlation) in regression equation ?
(A) Sample should be heterogeneous.
(B) Sample should not be more than 30.
(C) Relationship should be linear.
(D) Relationship should be curvilinear.

46. A researcher has developed an achievement test. He has got the data of upper group and lower group on this test. In order to find the reliability of an item, which of the following would be the most suitable test ?
(A) Biserial
(B) Point Biserial
(C) Phi-coefficient
(D) Partial coefficient of correlation

47. A researcher has evaluated responses of the students and committed a constant error of 2 by overmarking. How will the variability of the group be affected ?
(A) Variability would increase by 2
(B) Variability would increase by 2
(C) Variability would increase by 4
(D) It will remain unaffected.

48. Match the items in List-I with those in List-II. 
        List – I                                List – II 
(i) Historical research          1. Clinical data 
(ii) Descriptive research      2. Longitudinal studies 
(iii) Experimental research 3. Internal inconsistencies                      4. External criticism of data 
                                              5. External validity 
(A) 2 1 5
(B) 4 2 5
(C) 1 2 4
(D) 5 3 4

49. When the nature of population from which samples is drawn is not known to be normally distributed the data can be analysed with the help of
(A) Parametric statistics
(B) Descriptive statistics
(C) Non-parametric statistics
(D) None of the above

50. Which of the following types of validity is least quantifiable ?
(A) Content
(B) Concurrent
(C) Construct
(D) Predictive

THANK YOU,
NANDITHA AKUNURI,
Dr.A.C.V RAMA KUMAR

NET/EDUCATION DECEMBER 2011-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(31-40)

NET/EDUCATION DECEMBER 2011-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(31-40)

31. Which of the following best characterizes the process of emotional growth ? 

(A) Gradual suppression of all emotional reactions.
(B) Restriction of new emotional capacity.
(C) Acquisition of new emotional capacity.
(D) A gradual substitution of intellectual responses for emotional responses.

32. Social development is essentially a matter of
(A) conformity to the demands of social order.
(B) integration of one’s purposes with those of the social order.
(C) achievement of social security and acceptance.
(D) the development of social skills.

33. A ‘Sour-grapes’ attitude is an example of
(A) Projection
(B) Selective perception
(C) Rationalization
(D) Identification

34. The rejected child is likely to be
(A) aggressive
(B) negative
(C) truant
(D) withdrawn

35. Spearman’s theory of intelligence is to Thorndike’s as
(A) innate is to acquired
(B) culture free is to culture-fair
(C) verbal is to performance
(D) qualitative is to quantitative

36. You are being given a list of Psychologists (Col. A) and some terms (Col. B) associated with them. You have to match them. 
         Col. A                     Col. B  
I. Freud               1. 16 PF 
II. Eysenk           2. Analytic Psychology 
III. Cattel           3. Phallic Type 
IV. Jung             4. Life Style 
                           5. Psychoticism 
(A) 3 4 1 2
(B) 3 5 1 2
(C) 2 5 3 4
(D) 3 1 2 5

37. Ethnographic studies in educational settings are characterised by
(A) integrating very close interpersonal notes
(B) copious field notes
(C) participant observations
(D) conversation and participant observation

38. If in a situation every individual has an equal chance of being selected, there it is a case of
(A) Quota sampling
(B) Non-probability sampling
(C) Purposive sampling
(D) Probability sampling

39. A qualitative study does not intend to
(A) Bring out human subjectivity
(B) Generalize the findings
(C) Establish credibility of conclusions
(D) Use indicative methods of analysis

40. Other conditions being equal, which of the following coefficients of correlation is indicative of the weakest relation between two variables ?
(A) 0.26
(B) – 0.85
(C) 0.40
(D) 0.10

THANK YOU,
NANDITHA AKUNURI,
Dr. A.C.V.RAMA KUMAR

NET/EDUCATION DECEMBER 2011-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(21-30)

NET/EDUCATION DECEMBER 2011-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(21-30)

21. Which one of the following is an example of a closed society ?
(A) A society in which people are conservatives.
(B) A society in which inter-caste marriages are prohibited.
(C) A society in which people are illiterates.
(D) A society in which people are poor.

22. One of the following statements on character education is agreeable to many Educational Sociologists. Which is the statement ?
(A) Character Education is impossible without religious, denominational doctrines.

(B) Character Education is best handled by giving youth readymade judgements. 
(C) Character Education should involve the direct discussions of moral issues.
(D) Character Education is exclusive province of the church and the home.

23. Children of today are under greater emotional stress than the emotional stress of children a century ago. Why ?
(A) Society today is more complex.
(B) Bonds with members of the family are weakened.
(C) Schools have not adjusted to children.
(D) Parents take less interest in children.

24. Why are mass media such as Cinema, T.V, Press, etc. considered passive agencies of education ?
(A) Because they provide informal education.
(B) Because they cannot come closer to the learner like human teachers.
(C) Because the learner cannot react to these agencies directly.
(D) Because they do not clarify doubts in the course of learning.

25. Eclectic theory of learning was propounded by
(A) Gagne
(B) Tolman
(C) Skinner
(D) Hull

26. The emphasis upon psychology in teacher education is best justified on the basis of the need
(A) to prevent abnormal behaviour on the part of children.
(B) to promote intelligent behaviour on the part of children.
(C) to understand human behaviour.
(D) to define what constitutes acceptable behaviour.

27. Purposive behaviour is the behaviour that is
(A) oriented towards the attainment of a goal.
(B) based on needs.
(C) essentially effective with respect to need satisfaction.
(D) insightful i.e. logical with respect to means-ends relationship.

28. Human behaviour is determined primarily by
(A) an objective reality
(B) the phenomenal field including the phenomenal self
(C) social pressures
(D) physiological needs

29. For learning to be effective, the goal must be meaningful in terms of
(A) the curricular objectives
(B) the learner’s needs and purposes
(C) the intellectual ideas involved
(D) None of the above

30. Which of the following best describes the extent of effect of heredity upon development ?
(A) Heredity determines how far an individual will develop.
(B) Heredity determines how far an individual can develop.
(C) Heredity is the primary determinant of how far an individual will develop.
(D) Heredity is the primary determinant of how far an individual can develop.

THANK YOU,
NANDITHA AKUNURI,
Dr.A.C.V.RAMA KUMAR

NET/EDUCATION DECEMBER 2011-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(11-20)

NET/EDUCATION DECEMBER 2011-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(11-20)

11. Match the items in List-I with those in List-II.
        List – I                 List – II
I. Idealism           1. Heuristic approach
II. Realism           2. Deductive method
III. Pragmatism  3. Experiential learning
IV. Naturalism    4. Inductive method
(A) 3 4 1 2 (B) 4 3 1 2 (C) 2 4 3 1 (D) 2 3 4 1

12. Which of the following is an epistemological tenet of existentialism ?
(A) Knowledge is in things and thoughts.
(B) Knowledge is affective and inter-subjective.
(C) Knowledge is temporal and cognitive.
(D) Nothing can be known.

13. Which of the following is the most healthy principle of social functioning of the school ?
(A) Laissez Faire.
(B) Just Democracy.
(C) Democracy as a compromise between persuasion and permission.
(D) Democracy as a compromise between Autocratic and Laissez Faire.

14. “Though all the following four exponents of sociology exerted great influence on sociological thought, all of them were not sociologists in the proper sense. Only one was a true sociologist.” Who is that one ?
(A) Sigmund Freud
(B) Karl Marx
(C) Charles Durkheim
(D) Emile Durkheim

15. A teacher finds out, by Sociometry, that her class comprises cliques groups, stars, mutuals and isolates. Who is an isolate ?
(A) One who is liked by most classmates.
(B) One who is not at liked by any classmate.
(C) One who is not liked by anybody and who does not like anybody.
(D) One who likes a person and the second one likes him reciprocating.

16. Which of the following is responsible for social stratification in India ?
(A) Poverty
(B) Class system
(C) Illiteracy
(D) Socio-economic status

17. Which of the following are considered progressive social changes ? I. Changes brought about by Home and School. II. Changes brought about by Natural Calamities. III. Changes brought about by social organizations. IV. Changes brought about by wars. Codes :
(A) I and II are correct.
(B) I and III are correct.
(C) II and III are correct.
(D) II and IV are correct.

18. Which of the following has a direct bearing with “Cultural Lag” ?
(A) Social changes taking place at a slow speed.
(B) Social changes taking place at a coping speed.
(C) Social changes taking place at a steady speed.
(D) Social changes taking place at a high speed.

19. What is the aim of a modern society which has faith in Philosophical, Sociological and Psychological Principles of Education ?
(A) Establishing a society which is ethically and morally sound.
(B) Ushering in security, Prosperity and Social-wellbeing for all.
(C) Transforming all educands into “huvine” (human + divine) beings
(D) Admitting changes in all fields before other countries do it.

20. Which two of the following characteristics are essentially required on the part of a teacher for developing inter cultural understanding in children ? 
I. Possession of knowledge of various cultures and subcultures. 
II. Being progressive and having open-mindedness. 
III. Having deep knowledge in one’s subject. 
IV. Possessing high academic qualification in the field. Codes :
(A) I and II are required
(B) II and III are required
(C) III and IV are required
(D) IV and I are required

THANK YOU,
NANDITHA AKUNURI,
Dr.A.C.V.RAMA KUMAR

Saturday, June 4, 2016

NET/EDUCATION DECEMBER 2011-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(1-10)


NET/EDUCATION DECEMBER 2011-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(1-10)

1. Which of the following schools of philosophy integrates students’ capacities, interests, habits with social participation ?
(A) Pragmatism
(B) Realism
(C) Naturalism
(D) Idealism

2. Which of the following is the common belief held by Tagore, Gandhi and Aurobindo ?
(A) Self-reliance
(B) International harmony
(C) Socialisation of children
(D) National character

3. Arrange the four noble truths given by Lord Buddha in proper sequence :
(i) Misery is the reality of life.
(ii) Every misery has a cause.
(iii) Freedom from misery is possible.
(iv) There is a remedy for every misery.
(A) (i), (iii), (iv), (ii)
(B) (i), (ii), (iv), (iii)
(C) (ii), (iv), (iii), (i)
(D) (iii), (ii), (iv), (i)

4. Today there is a lot of emphasis on ICT in education – it is the implication of
(A) Realism
(B) Logical analysis
(C) Pragmatism
(D) Marxism

5. The statement : ‘Education is the dynamic side of philosophy.’ means
(A) No education can proceed without having an ideological basis.
(B) The ultimate aim of education is to teach philosophical wisdom.
(C) Education keeps philosophy moving.
(D) Theoretical tenets are translated into practice by education.

6. We can call Gandhi an idealist because
(A) He believed that truth is the ultimate value.
(B) He emphasised characterbuilding.
(C) For him education means bringing out the best.
(D) He saw education as a tool of social revolution.

7. What is the educational implication of the Vedant Sutra :
(A) Search for individual truth is the ultimate goal of education.
(B) Spirituality is the ultimate purpose of all education.
(C) The students should be instructed to renounce worldly life.
(D) The disciples should follow the Guru’s example.

8. Which of the following is the belief of Islamic epistemology ? 

(A) True knowledge is temporal. 
(B) Intuitional knowledge is not real until substantiated by the scripture. 
(C) Personal experience is the main source of knowledge. 
(D) The knowledge based on reasoning is universally true.

9. Which of the following is an implication of Logical positivism ?
(A) Students should know about the ultimate reality.
(B) A teacher needs to be an example of positive attitudes.
(C) Analysis of language should be the central part of education.
(D) The metaphysical aspects must be converted into life-principles.

10. Why is Aurobindo’s educational thinking called ‘integral-education’ ?
(A) Because it integrates Indian and western thinking.
(B) Because it does not neglect any of physical, psychic and spiritual dimension of a child.
(C) Because it believes that truth is innate and therefore nothing can be taught.
(D) It teaches us to live in harmony with nature as well as God.

THANK YOU,
NANDITHA AKUNURI,
Dr.A.C.V.RAMA KUMAR


NET/EDUCATION JUNE 2011-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(41-50)

NET/EDUCATION JUNE 2011-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(41-50)


41. A curve is platykurtic when
(A) KU = 0.263
(B) KU > 0.263
(C) KU < 0.263
(D) KU = 0.236


42. If null hypothesis is rejected when it is true, it indicates
(A) Sampling error
(B) Type II error
(C) Standard error
(D) Type I error

43. Find correct match for the term in List – I with that in 
List – II : 

List – I                               List – II 
i. Predictive validity    1. Measure of theoretical processes 
ii. Concurrent validity 2. Measure of fair representation of content 
iii. Construct validity  3. Measure of Performance/ Product 
4. Measure of Agreement with known results 
(A) 2 3 1
(B) 4 2 1
(C) 3 4 2
(D) 3 4 1

44. A researcher wishes to study achievement in a school subject with respect to the intelligence. In this case, he has to select
(A) one variable in nominal scale and other in interval scale.
(B) one variable in ratio scale and other in nominal scale.
(C) both the variables in interval scale.
(D) both the variables in ratio scale.

45. Which of the following tests will you use to find out whether children’s motivation to succeed at school is related to size, ethnicity and socio-economic status of their families ?
(A) Chi-square
(B) Kruskel-Wallis test
(C) Multiple regression
(D) Two-way ANOVA

46. In a correlational study between two variables, a researcher obtained ‘r’ from 17 subjects. Which one of the following minimum values he should take for the ‘r’ to be significant at 0.01 level ? [Given, at df = 17, r0.01 = 0.575; df = 16, r0.01 = 0.590; df = 15, r0.01 = 0.606 and df = 14, r 0.01 = 0.623]
(A) 0.606 and above
(B) 0.590 and above
(C) 0.575 and above
(D) 0.623 and above

47. A researcher has evaluated responses of the students and committed a constant error of 3 by overmarking. How will the mean of the group be affected ?
(A) It would increase by 3.
(B) It would decrease by 3.
(C) It would increase by 3 divided by number in the group.
(D) It will remain unaffected.

48. Which one of the following assumptions cannot be tested through a research hypothesis ?
(A) Growth of intellect does not depend on age and training of any child.
(B) Prejudiced people develop negative attitude towards an object they dislike.
(C) Academic aptitude is contributory function of academic achievement.
(D) Learning is facilitated by advance organizers.

49. A researcher has developed a personality inventory. He has got data from normal and abnormal persons on items in the form of ‘Agree’ and ‘Disagree’ with the statement. Which of the following would be the best technique to determine item discrimination ?
(A) Tetrachoric
(B) Phi-coefficient
(C) Point-biserial
(D) Biserial

50. Which of the following is the definitive characteristic of qualitative research ?
(A) Researcher’s subjective reflectivity.
(B) Use of Interview as the major technique.
(C) Ambiguity in generalizations.
(D) Convenient sampling.

THANK YOU,
NANDITHA AKUNURI,
Dr.A.C.V.RAMA KUMAR


NET/EDUCATION JUNE 2011-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(31-40)


NET/EDUCATION JUNE 2011-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(31-40)

31. The one essential element in situations involving fear reaction is
(A) a potential danger
(B) personal inadequacy
(C) insecurity
(D) prevailing conditions to fear stimuli

32. Boasting is a form of
(A) Compensation
(B) Projection
(C) Rationalization
(D) Sublimation

33. A dominated overprotective child is likely to be
(A) aggressive
(B) delinquent
(C) quarrelsome
(D) withdrawn

34. Counselling is a process of
(A) allocation of round peg in round holes and square pegs in square holes
(B) Orientation of pupils towards social expectation
(C) helping students towards self direction
(D) diagnosis and prescription

35. Rationalization is a concept in which the individual
(A) tends to give real reasons in place of true reasons.
(B) tends to give true reasons in place of real reason.
(C) gives true and real reason both.
(D) None of the above.

36. One of the most important ways of fostering problem solving on the part of students is
(A) to stimulate the formation of critical attitude
(B) to emphasize problems that are real to them
(C) to provide them with formal reasoning techniques
(D) to refuse to give or to accept pat answers

37. The limitation of ANOVA would be its inability to indicate
(A) interaction among variables under study.
(B) effects of different variables under study.
(C) interrelation among the variables.
(D) all the above.

38. You are given two statements :
(a) Research should always be focussed on discovering new facts.
(b) Research should always validate results in a new setting. Which of the following is most suitable in case of educational research ?
(A) Only statement (a) is true.
(B) Only statement (b) is true.
(C) Both the statements (a) and (b) are true.
(D) None of the statement is true.


39. Which of the following approaches to sampling seems to be most appropriate when a researcher wishes to obtain a sample that will sustain accurate generalization about gender and ethnic differences in scores on a standardized test ?
(A) Systematic sampling
(B) Proportionate stratified sampling
(C) Incidental sampling
(D) Extreme case sampling

40. Why causal comparative research is not considered a kind of experimental research ?
(A) It studies cause-effect relationship between the variables.
(B) It is just a correlational type of study.
(C) Its method is comparative and analytical.
(D) It neither controls extraneous variables, nor does it manipulate independent variables.

THANK YOU,
NANDITHA AKUNURI,
Dr.A.C.V.RAMA KUMAR


NET/EDUCATION JUNE 2011-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(21-30)

NET/EDUCATION JUNE 2011-SOLVED PAPER-II PRACTICE BITS-(21-30)

21. What are the two vital functions, a national system of education has to perform ?
(A) Tradition preserving and growth facilitating.
(B) Termination for some students and preparation for others at the end of secondary stage of Education.
(C) Amassing information and knowledge and passing on to future generation.
(D) Helping the learners to get a livelihood and helping him to gain scholarship.

22. Which of the following is a powerful barrier against vertical mobility in India ? (A) Occupations
(B) Salary and other income resources
(C) Caste distinction
(D) Not knowing the national language

23. What is meant by the term socialization ?
(A) Participation in social service.
(B) Teaching rural masses how to keep their homes and streets clean.
(C) Process of interaction among members of the society and imbibing social values.
(D) Influence exerted on the illiterate, rural masses, by social organizations to send their children to schools.

24. Which of the following is not a primary function of secondary schools ?
(A) Reorganization and Reconstruction of human experiences.
(B) Making children self-reliant.
(C) Development of personality.
(D) Advancement of culture.

25. You are being given a list of psychologists
(Col. – A) and some terms (Col. – B) associated with them. You have to match them.
Col. – A              Col. – B
i. Allport         1. Fictional Finalism
ii. Jung            2. Analytic Psychology
iii. Eysenk       3. Sex
iv. Adler          4. Functional Autonomy
                         5. Dimensions of Personality
Codes : (A) 1 2 3 5 (B) 4 5 2 1 (C) 4 2 5 1 (D) 2 3 4 5

26. Which of the following best describes a motive ?
(A) A desire for social approval.
(B) An object or condition which can be used to induce desirable behavior.
(C) The object towards which an organization is drawn to satisfy a need.
(D) Some form of inner impulsion to certain behavior.


27. Which of the following best accounts for the development of self concept ?

(A) Individual’s need for approval.
(B) An apparently inborn drive towards self-concept.
(C) An apparently inborn sense of right and wrong.
(D) An apparently inborn drive towards avoidance of conflict in one’s personality.

28. The best way to motivate a child to learn is
(A) to appeal to his/her sense of pride and self-respect.
(B) to re channel the motives he/she already has.
(C) to threaten him/her with failure and punishment.
(D) to tempt him/her with praise.

29. For maximum reinforcement effect, a given reward should
(A) be applied immediately upon the response.
(B) be applied immediately preceding the response.
(C) be applied simultaneously with the response.
(D) follow the response only after a substantial delay.

30. Transfer of learning occurs most rapidly when there are _______ between two situations.
(A) associative cues
(B) identical elements
(C) logical relationships
(D) invariant relationships

THANK YOU,
NANDITHA AKUNURI,
Dr.A.C.V.RAMA KUMAR